Analyzing The Reasons, Consequences, And Chronology Of The Russian Revolution

Introduction to Russian Revolution

The Russian revolution brought about tremendous changes in the History of Russia. It was significant and was attributed to various reasons.

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The Russian revolution brought much good than harm in Russian History and Russia as a country.

The Russian revolution is considered to be one of the mightiest events of the world war. Its outbreak was spontaneous that was followed by extremely enduring consequences both positive and negative .This write-up tends to unveil some of the reasons for its outbreak, its consequences and the chronology of events as they unfolded during the revolution. It’s basically an analysis of the Russian revolution but in a much deeper context.

The Russian revolution that took place in the midst of 1917 was a very great event in the history of Russia .This particular revolution marked the end of the autocratic monarchy and permanently shook down the Kerensky’s Provisional government and cemented the Bolshevik Government under Lenin.

It is depicted that Russia’s entry into World War I was actually one of the factors that contributed to the increased tension and social unrest as the 5 million armies that got into the war, at least two-thirds of that ended dead and some prisoners of war. This war resulted in various effects ranging from social, political and economic. Conflicts increased, both internal and external.

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The February revolution that lasted for six days, from 23rd to 28th is very spontaneous and it involved huge masses of people. This particular event was characterized by massive demonstrations and strikes that pledged for a social, economic and political change so as to salvage the unfavourable situation that was present .The police and the army were used to try and stop these demonstrations but this bore no fruits.

Basically in 1917 during this particular period, most of Russia’s administrative structures were completely disintegrated. The political structures, social and economic structures were no more. As a result of the lack of a stable system of governance, Russia experienced various uprisings, rebellions and all forms of terror. This was even much rampant in the rural areas as the peasants were very bitter and they brutally killed the landlords.

As mentioned above, there were some reasons that resulted into the Russian revolution. Some of these reasons are explained below;

Autocratic Rule of the Czars

Czar Alexander II brought some various amazing and tremendous reforms in Russian. He was a great leader and this made him very famous both in Russia and across the globe. When he passed away and Czar Alexander III came into power some aspects about the Czar leadership changed. He became despotic. It was during their reign that various political organizations such as Meer, Zemstvo and also the famous Duma lost their political powers completely.

Reasons for the Outbreak of Russian Revolution

It was the autocracy during this reign that resulted in better feelings among various groups in Russian such as labourers, peasants, students and also various intellectuals resulting in unrest causing revolutions. The unrest was too much and it even gave rise to the Czardom.

The Russification Policy

The Russification policy was the idea of Czar Alexander III and he used this particular policy in almost all systems in Russia. It is also important to note that it was not only him that used this policy but also his son Czar Nicholas II.

He basically declared the aspect of ‘One Czar, One Church and also One Russia’ Basically according to this policy, all the Russians during that time were to follow one denomination and that was the Catholic denomination. The Russian language was also introduced during this particular time. It is also important to note that even apart from Russia itself but other countries that were under the Russian domination this Russification policy was also introduced. Some of these countries include Poland, Finland, and Lithuania.

The Russian people felt that this Russification policy was like a disgrace to then, it resulted in bitter feelings among the various classes of people in Russia resulting in social unrest and the rampant revolution.

The Social System

As we all know, the Russian society as divided into two classes even before the revolution. These two classes that existed were basically the rich and the poor. The rich comprised of distinct persons such as the nobles and the lords while the poor were comprised of the laborers, peasants and the serfs.

These two social classes were totally imbalanced and none of these classes could be actually happy. It was this that made Czar Alexander II emancipates the concept of serfdom. This action made the feudal lords angry as they had lost almost all their lands. The serfs, on the other hand, were as depressed as this meant that they could no longer get land beyond their hope. With the labourers, peasants, and workers they were unable to live sustainable lives as they were now getting extremely low wages. The political parties were unsatisfied as they were deliberately debarred from all their privileges. Basically, all people from the two social classes were unsatisfied and they felt that they wanted more. They become dissatisfied with the Czarist rule and they felt that enough is enough. This lead to resistance that resulted in the revolution.

Consequences of the Russian Revolution

The Rise of Nihilism

The term nihilism from the philosophical point of view can be used indicated to mean denial or maybe the denial or the lack of belief towards some meaningful aspects of life. The rise of Nihilism greatly influenced the rise of the Russian revolution in 1917. The advocated of Nihilism were so rampant during that time and they came forward to solely destroy the prevailing rule and religious faith that existed among the Russian community. Its main goal; however, was to foresee the downfall of Czardom in Russia.

Through Nihilism, they greatly influenced the people to gather and bring an end of the prevailing Russian system of leadership. This created tension and resulted in the revolution.

The Influence of the industrial revolution

The industrial revolution massively assisted to fire the efforts of revolution in Russia.  After the construction of the two railway lines, the Trans-Siberia and Trans-Caspian, the workers become more informed and formed various labour organizations. These various organizations formed during the verge of industrial revolution resulted in demonstrations as they fought for various aspects in Russia and eventually leading to the Russian mega revolution.

The Russian revolution was accompanied by a great number of consequences, both positive and negative, these consequences are clearly explained below;

The Russian revolution enhanced the promotion of communism and revolution among other countries. Basically, Russian acted as an example to other nations when it adopted the communism system. It inspired so many countries that later emulated them by following the steps that they took. Some of the world’s great countries that followed the footsteps of Russia include China, Germany and also Hungary.

The revolutions also lead to economic recovery. As a result of the revolution, Russia was in a position to recover from the extreme levels of inflation that it was going through. The inflation was attributed to the collapse in the transportation system; this collapse resulted in a shortage in the supply of important resources. As a result of the revolution, however, plans were established that facilitated massive exports between Russia and other foreign countries which in turn improved the economy.More so the revolution leads to industrialization and modernization of the agriculture industry, the land was given to the peasants and the factories given to the workers resulting in advancement in the general economy of the country.

There was an oppressive control on the verge of the revolution. Lenin and Stalin had completely lost their power as the revolution was taking place, and in order for them to completely secure their power then they had to establish a completely oppressive control over the general aspect of the country. As a result of this secret police organizations and forces were established. People’s fundamental rights such as the right to expression and speech were completely ignored.

Finally, the revolutions lead to widespread poverty, famine and also starvation. This was attributed to the nationalization of most industries that had been established before the revolution. The levels of the peasantry were not improved, they were ignored and this increased the levels of poverty, starvation and also famine.


The Russian revolution was a very significant event in the history of Russia. It was accompanied by so many dramatic events such as the fall of the communist regime and most importantly the dissolution of the Soviet Union among others. All these events had so many consequences to the Russian people and the history of Russia as a country.

As mentioned above, there were various reasons that triggered this revolution. The reasons are very solid and they tend to explain the reason behind this great revolution that the world has ever witnessed.  Generally, it can be concluded that the revolution was solid and it brought about significant changes in the history of Russia.

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