BA 313 SEU Kashmir Conflict Management PAPER


Task brief & rubric

CASE STUDY: Individual task
This is an individual assignment
TITLE: Analyzing an intractable conflict: Assess the attempts at managing an intractable conflict and why, until now, it has failed.
• This needs to be a critical report using evidence and international conflict management frameworks and theories (from Unit 2 of the Course Outline and your
• The structure is to include the following sections:
o 1) Introduction: How the conflict begun,
o 2) Theories: What has been done in the name of conflict management,
o 3) Evidence: Why it has failed until now (using evidence and your own views) and what could be learned.
o 4) Conclusions: How best to manage this conflict towards a sustainable and peaceful solution using international conflict management frameworks
and theories.

Wordcount: 1500 words
Cover, Table of Contents, References and Appendix are excluded of the total wordcount.
Font: Arial 12,5 pts.
Text alignment: Justified.
The in-text References and the Bibliography have to be in Harvard’s citation style.
Submission: Week 6 – Via Moodle (Turnitin) – Sunday 7th November 23:59 CET.
Weight: This task is a 30% of your total grade for this subject.
It assesses the following learning outcomes:
Outcome 1: Distinguish the main theories, models and conceptual frameworks as discussed in the contemporary conflict resolution literature and demonstrate how each
different approach can explain in a different manner the same case/conflict/situation.
Outcome 2: Explain the different conditions that affect conflicts in its different stages by giving examples from different real-life cases
Application (30%)
Student applies fully relevant
knowledge from the topics
delivered in class.
Good 80-89
Student demonstrates good
understanding of the task and
mentions some relevant
concepts and demonstrates
use of the relevant
Student applies mostly
relevant knowledge from the
topics delivered in class.
Critical Thinking
Student critically assesses in
excellent ways, drawing
outstanding conclusions from
relevant authors.
Student critically assesses in
good ways, drawing
conclusions from relevant
authors and references.
Communication (20%)
Student communicates their
ideas extremely clearly and
concisely, respecting word
count, grammar and
Student communicates their
ideas clearly and concisely,
respecting word count,
grammar and spellcheck
Knowledge &
Understanding (20%)
Exceptional 90-100
Student demonstrates
excellent understanding of
key concepts and uses
vocabulary in an entirely
appropriate manner.
Fair 70-79
Student understands the task
and provides minimum theory
and/or some use of
Marginal fail 60-69
Student understands the task
and attempts to answer the
question but does not mention
key concepts or uses minimum
amount of relevant vocabulary.
Student applies some relevant
knowledge from the topics
delivered in class.
Misunderstanding may be
Student provides some
insights but stays on the
surface of the topic.
References may not be
Student communicates their
ideas with some clarity and
concision. It may be slightly
over or under the wordcount
limit. Some misspelling errors
may be evident.
Student applies little relevant
knowledge from the topics
delivered in class.
Misunderstands are evident.
Student makes little or no
critical thinking insights, does
not quote appropriate authors,
and does not provide valid
Student communicates their
ideas in a somewhat unclear and
unconcise way. Does not reach
or does exceed wordcount
excessively and misspelling
errors are evident.
Conflict Mapping – Kashmir
1) map
2) Its history dates back to the 3rd century BC. Kashmir’s location makes it a
geographically and strategically attractive, as it is situated between India,
Pakistan, China and sits in close proximity to Russia. Kashmir, as it is
known today, is divided into two union territories. The first is Jammu and
Kashmir, which are situated in the West, and the second is Ladakh, which
is situated in the East.
3) When India gained Independence from Britain in 1947, it was
subsequently partitioned into two states; India and Pakistan. At the time,
the princely state of Kashmir was ruled by Hindu Maharajah Hari Singh,
despite its Muslim majority population. Hari Singh was left with the
decision to either accede to India or Pakistan, or to remain independent. If
Hari Singh were to consider the demographics of Kashmir, the choice to
accede to Pakistan would have been the most logical. Hari Singh was
undecided and relatively unpersuaded by the advice of Mahatma Gandhi,
Lord Mountbatten, and Jawaharlal Nehru until a rebellion began in the
Poonch district. Eventually making him decide india with help of the
british and caused a conflict that has been ongoing.
1) India and Paskistan with China playing a third-party role
a. British with India
b. Russia and Pakistan
c. BJP favored union of Kashmir with India while pushing polices to
promote Hinduism which caused a tick with the muslim community
d. People democratic Party PDP
e. JeM Jaish-E-Mohammed
2) In history while Kashmir Maharajah was a hindu, the majority of its
population was muslim and All Pakistani nationals who entered Kashmir
to fight were to be evacuated
India was to gradually reduce its forces in the region
India was to appoint a referendum administrator who was nominated by
the UN
India accepted this resolution. However, Pakistan rejected it. This led to no
withdrawal of troops and no referendum being held. Further International
negotiations were attempted in the form of the Dixon plan among others.
However, these too failed as every time either India or Pakistan rejected the
3) India-pakistan relations has been a constant fire that is been on since the
first war in 1947, the second in 1965 and the latest in 1999 with tensions
rising in 2019 still. With them both being nuclear weapon carrying
countries this conflict has global effects.
4) Pakistan views the issue of the conflict is a international dispute while
India considers it a “bilateral issue” that is internal and this is the least of
their separation in agreement.
5) Glasl model of escalation shows that India and Pakistan are in level four of
the nine levels where they have deployed conflict tactics that are possibly
beyond the level of self-help and entering level five which is the loss of
personal face. In this case this is dangerous because the possession of
nuclear weapons by both India and Pakistan.
6) President Arif Alvi is with on the side of the self-determination of the
Kashmiri people and is requesting that the UN honor the commitment
made 72 years ago. On the other side, President Ram Nath Kovind is
certain that Kashmir is a Indian territory and it will become one again
sooner or later calling it a beacon of hope for the rest of India.

Purchase answer to see full

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code: VACCINE

Order a unique copy of this paper

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
Top Academic Writers Ready to Help
with Your Research Proposal