Blue Ridge Community College Art Principles of Design Paper


Assignment InstructionsFind a work of art about which you will discuss its Principles of Design. Stick to artists who are making art within the context of the art world rather than a random single image you stumbled across — if the artists are extremely new to the art world, just see that they have a website with several works of art that allows at least some minimal research on what they do.Your choice must include the artist’s name, title, medium, and the year in which it was created. Cite your source for this information. Use reputable sources, not blogs, someone’s Flickr page, etc.0Embed an image of the artwork into your postIn your own words, describe three Principles of Design that are incorporated within the work of art. (Principles can be found in chapter 3 of your book. Make sure you do your textbook reading before you attempt this part of the module). Use at least three sentences to talk about each Principle of Design, don’t just list what the Principle is. Be specific — what Element is repeated to create the Principle of Repetition, for example? Principles are frequently discussed in terms of the Elements from which they are composed. These should be observations you are making on your own after learning what the Principles of Design are, there is no need to cite this information. Your book is thankfully a bit more concise on the Principles of Design than the Elements, so be sure to address these Principles:Balance (Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, and Radial — I would disregard what the book says about “Diagonal”, “Horizontal” and “Vertical” types of Balance, very uncommon terms!)Emphasis (focal point)Scale (the size of the artwork itself, or the size of a component within the artwork)Proportion (how the sizes of different components of the artwork relate to each other)RhythmRepetitionUnityVarietyBe sure to identify the one strongest Principle out of the three principles for the work of art that you have chosen. Why do you feel it’s the strongest? Often this will be the first Principle you noticed in the work of art. This can be a part of your minimum three sentences for each Principle.

in Art
Principles of Design
The principles of design describe the ways that artists use the elements of art in a work of art.
Balance is the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.
If the design was a scale, these elements should be balanced to make a design feel
stable. In symmetrical balance, the elements used on one side of the design are
similar to those on the other side; in asymmetrical balance, the sides are different
but still look balanced. In radial balance, the elements are arranged around a central
point and may be similar.
Emphasis is the part of the design that catches the viewer’s attention. Usually the
artist will make one area stand out by contrasting it with other areas. The area could
be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc.
Movement is the path the viewer’s eye takes through the work of art, often to focal
areas. Such movement can be directed along lines, edges, shape, and color within the
work of art.
Pattern is the repeating of an object or symbol all over the work of art.
Repetition works with pattern to make the work of art seem active. The repetition
of elements of design creates unity within the work of art.
Proportion is the feeling of unity created when all parts (sizes, amounts, or number)
relate well with each other. When drawing the human figure, proportion can refer
to the size of the head compared to the rest of the body.
Rhythm is created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to
create a feeling of organized movement. Rhythm creates a mood like music or
dancing. To keep rhythm exciting and active, variety is essential.
Variety is the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer’s attention and
to guide the viewer’s eye through and around the work of art.
Unity is the feeling of harmony between all parts of the work of art, which creates
a sense of completeness.
The J. Paul Getty Museum
The J. Paul Getty Museum
at the Getty Center
© 2011 J. Paul Getty Trust
© 2011 J. Paul Getty Trust

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