CUNY LC Deindustrialization and Globalization & US Cities Discussion

Question Description

I’m working on a sociology question and need support to help me learn.

Please read the chapter and in 2 paragraphs write about:watch the video With the US case in mind, explain how deindustrialization and globalization changed cities and suburbs; in the sequence, explain how these processes are connected to the emergence of the multicentered region.

Cities in the United States
In the US, cities that were a result of industrial capitalism were characterized by large
factories. These factories were often very near to the city, and they took up a lot of space. They
employed a large number of people, and their employees worked long hours. However, they also
drew in more people because they created jobs. These cities tended to be dirty and crowded with
many people living on top of each other in tenement buildings with no indoor plumbing or
electricity. During the 19th century, as industrial capitalism was taking hold in the United States,
the cities of the country were transformed by its impact. Industrial capitalism meant that
manufacturing was now done in factories instead of at home, and this had several impacts on
physical space. First, it created a need for factories to be located close to sources of power (such
as waterfalls) and sources of raw materials (such as cotton fields near textile mills). It created a
need for workers to live close to those factories. The people who worked at these factories—often
immigrants from other countries—lived in cramped apartment buildings and often lacked clean
water and sanitary services.
By contrast, the cities that resulted from monopoly capitalism were much cleaner. They
had access to water and electricity, and the buildings often had running water and toilets inside
them. The buildings were also designed in a way that allowed for more privacy and less crowding,
as opposed to tenements where several families might live together in one apartment or room.
Monopoly capitalism is an economic system that allows one entity (usually a corporation) control
over an entire industry or market. Monopoly capitalism led to urban sprawl, with cities spreading
out in all directions rather than building up vertically like most older cities had been built.

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