Literature Review For Personal Investigation On Osteoporosis In Sports

Approach took

Approach took

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The approach taken to present the investigation involved the use of the different sections starting from the abstract, use of introduction, discussions and the application of the recommendation concept in each heading is well analysed. Information from each section is illustrated as it was obtained from the (Palombaro,2013; Oesteoporosis,2011) books. The sources describe that osteoporosis can be reduced through the use of the various exercise. Adequate knowledge about the osteoporosis is developed during the research. There were other sources which were consulted during the investigation such as the articles and the journals. The investigations visit on the importance of the exercise in controlling the osteoporosis disease.

Introduction and definition

Through the investigation and the application of various aspects in the sports science such as the physiology, the movement, training tactics and the theories such as the condition theory will tend to improve the overall understanding of the performance and the development of the human in the field of sports. Basically coaching in the field of the sport has received a lot of attention as is seen in the research and also in different parts of the sports review (Mendelson et al,2010 p.89). Therefore, coaching in sports always remains intact and thus a need to come up with the valid and reliable knowledge for checking the competence of the coaches in the sports in giving instructions on how to reduce the Osteoporosis disorders. The reality that characterizes this argument in the investigation research is that coaching in sports is a reasonable aspect that should be perceived an approached in different perceptions. The investigation advocates that for the coaches to be effective and reliable in the field of the sports in giving practices for the control of the Osteoporosis they ought to have adequate training and the appropriate competition skills (Dusdal et al,2012 p.50).

Trustworthiness of the sources

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Different scholarly materials and research work have been noted to describe how coaching have assisted to reduce Osteoporosis in the human body. Not all this material fully describes the idea of the coach competence in the field of the sports. Küçükçak?r et al, (2011) are amongst the appropriate books which have been given a full description of various practices in sports .There are also different sources such as articles and the journals which have been selected to give an image about the effects of the coaching to oesteoporosis.The limitation of the investigation was that only the exercise was taken as  the key point that can reduce the Osteoporosis disorders thus forgetting there  is  normal treatment from the doctors that can help to reduce the level and the intensity of the disorder.

Introduction and definition

The objective.

 At this level of the investigation, it will try to explore the impact and the role that physical exercises has on managing the osteoporosis in the human body. The investigation also it accounts for the coming years (Speerin et al,2014 p.157). Many people are now suffering from this disorder and it has been noted that there many worst effects that can result from the osteoporosis. The disorder affects the quality of the life including the human mobility, the mortality rate and also the pain which is associated with the fractures in human bones. The disorder is targeting the aging generation thus indicating that the large section of the human population will be prone to the disorder if only one fails to do physical exercises.                          

The findings from the investigation.

Session introductions 

As mentioned above in detail, a conditional theory is involving typical demonstrations that are aimed at providing beneficial approaches that are very important in the management practice of osteoporosis disorder. This integrated theory involving behavioral change is described in details as it forms a particular foundation for intervention development (Little & Eccles, 2010 p.89). It suggests that health behavior change can be influenced by propelling knowledge, certain beliefs, skills, and facilities social approaches. Involving oneself with personal-management behaviors as view as a critical result in the improvement of or reduction of osteoporosis. These frameworks serve to benefit a person by having social relationships, change of behavior in order to have a positive attitude in countering the disorder  

 Sources don’t describe the overview on the osteoporosis. Use of communication skills to impart knowledge on the exercise and giving instructions is displayed.  

During the investigation, I concentrated more on those articles and books within 10 years from now (Little & Eccles, 2010 p.89). There were many articles and other sources related to the topic. After going through the various contents of the articles and the journals I selected some of them which had related information about the topic. The other part of the sources which were used to access the information required in the investigation were compiled as the reference during the work. Thus suggesting that when human body has the risk of losing the density of the bones it is prone to the osteoporosis disorder (Heyward & Gibson, 2014 p.78).

There are various exercises which one can do; the weight-bearing exercise, the training resistance, jumping and climbing stairs. This will be the most investigation to come up with appropriate exercise for each individual with the osteoporosis. There is the weight bearing section and the training or the normal resistance of the training (Little & Eccles, 2010 p.299).

Trustworthiness of the sources

Although there are many coaching /instructions regarding the physical activities for reducing the disorder the population is decreasing at higher rates thus imposing a big challenge for the human survival. Walking and jogging activities should be used to reduce the risk of the disorder (Leutholtz & Ripoll 2011 p.67).

Session time

The time is taken when one is doing the exercise basically determines the reduction rate of the osteoporosis. The current review on the effects physical exercise on the osteoporosis disorder gives an overview of almost 5 months which requires one to be on serious exercise The investigation prefers patients to perform exercise five times a week. Most of the people, they can fail to do exercise five times a week. The exercise can be done for almost thirty minutes per day.

On the part of the use of the exercise, Yeoum & Lee (2011) states that the main goal of the exercise is to reduce the loss of the bones at different stages of the life while Palombaro et al (2013) argues that only the medical treatment which can reduce the osteoporosis. The two concepts tend to contradict in a sense that all the two approaches focus to reduce the osteoporosis but the two authors fail to consider the two approaches. They fail to recognize that also the nutrition can reduce the loss of bones in human body. The investigation agrees on all the strategies used to control osteoporosis such as exercise, medical treatment, and the nutrition.

The time at which one will do the exercise will determine the rate of the osteoporosis. The idea is that human body tries to adjust to exercise depending on the time one is doing the exercise. Walking for 3 hours continuously will strengthen one’s muscles thus reducing the osteoporosis cases (Palombaro et al,2013 p.367).

Session nutrition

Nutrition and bone, the strength of the muscles and the health are common. The concept of the nutrition in osteoporosis determines the maintenance of the bones. The strength of the bones is also facilitated by the use of the appropriate diet. The exercise cannot be done without the use of food. This links the investigation to the concept of the nutrition. Nutrients such as vitamins and the vitamin D plays a major role in this investigation (Palombaro et al,2013 p.367).

Different researchers argue whether walking is good for osteoporosis. Some indicate that walking is easy and does not require high spending of any money or wearing of special clothing on body parts. Walking enables the strengthens of the bones thus patients will increase and improve their density which is crucial in lowering the effects of osteoporosis. Walking is good for lungs and heart, muscles and flexibility incorporated into healthy foods in order to balance the body and age (Cimaz & Stagi, 2013 p.60).

The objective

Therefore, it’s evident that this argument that indicates that nutrition can stop osteoporosis completely would be seen as void. Literally nutritional and walking go hand in hand and cannot succeed without the other. The food that people eat can negatively affect or improve the bones. Foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D are important in bone mallows. Individuals getting the recommended amount of nutritional food will have to practice walking in order to stop osteoporosis.

Session explanation

The use of various groups and the concept of the status of the bone with the corrective measures of the osteoporosis was investigated.

In childhood and the adolescence stage. The bone status occurs at early stages especially at the adolescent stage. The level of the bone waste at this stage goes for almost above age of 20. This will boost the bone strength and thus maintaining the stability of bones at the long ages to their adulthood (Palombaro et al,2013 p.89).

 At the mid ages to the adulthood. The status of bones is somehow maintained but at this stage, the bone waste starts to reduce at a higher rate until one reaches an age of almost 30 years although there are threats at ages towards the ages of 40. The effect of the exercise can target to boost the level of bones in the human body and in so doing the health and fitness of body increase. This time the training and coaching instructions can have a huge boost on the strengths of the muscles and the bones.

 The post and the menopausal women. The status of the bones is basically to women of almost the ages of 50 years old. The exercise has a huge effect at this stage. It always manages to have huge maintenance on boosting the bone strengths thus reducing the rate of the osteoporosis in the human body. Although at this stage it may be very difficult to maintain the density of the bones since it indicates the menopause stage. The exercise or the extractions given by the coach will opt to raise the stretches of the muscles only (Anderson et al, 2010 p.87).

 To the men, the bone status will remain stable for a long time. This happens at the middle age during the lifetime of human life. As the years pass by the rate of osteoporosis increases form the rate of 5% to 6% every year up to the age of 45 years. The reduced amount of the human hormones will also facilitate the osteoporosis. On the exercise effect, the effect of osteoporosis can be maintained at high levels. This means that intensity of bones in the body will be maintained at high levels since the muscles remain fit thus giving appropriate support and this will assist to prevent a case of the osteoporosis (Anderson et al, 2010 p.187).

Session introductions

To the adults who are over 75 years with no cases of osteoporosis. The bone loss continues from the age of 75 years. The cases of bone fracture will raise and at the same time the bone loss increases. On the level of the exercise to control the disorder, it will raise the health of individual and in so doing the body muscle strength and the body posture and the balance will aim to reduce cases of bone fracture.

In general, the osteoporosis will reduce when one applies the following concepts.

To get the idea of the control of the disorder, investigation illustrates the most important exercise which will focus to increase the strength of bones. Studies show that the strengths of human bones will improve depending on the level of the exercise used(Anderson et al, 2010 p.287).

Exercise done while on the feet. This involves the normal physical walking exercise, jogging and also climbing the stairs in large buildings.

Use of the mobility and balance exercises by the human. They improve the bone stretch and thus preventing the osteoporosis and also target to reduce cases of human fall. This is well illustrated by the use of one leg when one is standing –standing on one foot without falling

Session feedback

The investigations recognize the impact of the feedback. This means information regarding the progress should be communicated. The feedback is vital so as to summarise the number individuals who need further improvements. The feedback from the coaches during the exercise need to encourage the people with the osteoporosis rather than discouraging them. Osteoporosis will not end if the feedback does not correlate to the appropriate mechanisms for reducing the disorder. Thus meaning an approach with suitable feedback need to be analysed and communicated.

Main principles

The instructors should not provide challenging information to the patients. This will help people with disorders to pay maximum attention from the coaches.

This means that if osteoporosis is controlled by adhering to the feedback concepts then the disorder will reduce. Barker et al (2011) advocate that learning exercise skills to reduce osteoporosis will reduce chances of losing lives. The rate at which one is doing the exercise should be moderate. This can be between 3-4 times for every week. The exercise needs to proceed time after a time. Thus the weight used during the exercise should go time to a time. The jumping impulse that is received from the exercise should be maintained for a long time so as to increase the bone strength,

Session time

Osteoporosis will decrease when exercise is maintained at the short intervals. For the bones to be strong, exercise should be maintained at regular bursts meaning the impulse generated at the time of exercise will increase bone strength. Therefore, to reduce the osteoporosis cases the exercise is supposed to be carried for short intervals rather than quitting from the whole exercise.

The recommendations

The recommendation gives the appropriate exercise which was investigated to reduce cases of bone loss (Barker et al,201 p.78). Coaches need to come up with the discussion forums so as to establish mechanisms on the type of the diet one to use and the exercise to do in order to reduce osteoporosis.

Recommendation 1

Men category

Men need a balanced diet to be strong since they involve themselves in massive activities that require energy food. For example, in jobs and carrying out tasks and walks large distances in such scenarios. Therefore, coaching instructions should focus on men on the issue of a balanced diet (Bruckner, 2012 p.89). By balancing nutrition, the muscles will access the adequate energy that will enhance fitness thus reducing the body injuries. Coaches should focus to give instructions appropriate to the condition of the disorder. Noticing the type of nutrition can also help to reduce osteoporosis. The investigation shows that the training will consume almost 40 minutes and covered five times every week meaning body should have enough energy from the nutrition taken (Leutholtz & Ripoll , 2011 p.78).

Recommendation 2

The other category is on the women whereby it will be good for the menopausal women and the middle-aged men.

Coaches should aim to come up with the instructions for hormones checking on a regular basis. Appropriate feedbacks to the patients should be provided (Yeosu & Lee,2011 p.234). The feedback can either be starting exercise from the moderate to the high type of exercise to control the bone loss. Most of this exercise will reduce bone fractures and also improve the working of the spinal cord.

Recommendation 3

This recommendation involves the approaches of children and adolescent ones developing their bones continuously by getting vitamin D as a result of the sun as discussed in the main body. Coaches should always set practical techniques to people with osteoporosis. Instructions should require people with the disorder to get some sun (Dossal et al 2011). This will lead to acquiring the vitamin D and regulation of the hormones in the body which is always vital for strengthening bones. The technique will reduce cases of the osteoporosis. Balancing diet will activate the body to adjust to various exercises such as walking and jumping.

Main recommendations for coaching/instructional practice

Recommendation 4

Coaches need to come up with strategies that will boost the exercise thus reducing osteoporosis. This will best fit the middle-aged category since their bones are not yet worn out Exercise not only focus to induce positive effects but also it targets to the body is in good condition at the time of the injury (Dusdal et al 2011). Instructions should seek to provide those sweet sports exercises that will help to protect the body from the injuries. This means right intensity training exercise is ideal to prevent osteoporosis (Bruckner 2012).

Coaching instructions can be practical when they require one to concentrate on appropriate exercise intensity. This can be either concentrating on walking, dancing, involving in long activities which will all facilitate the body fitness. It can be through the resistance training mechanisms and application of body balancing strategies (Yeosu & Lee,2011 p.234).


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