Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs Theory: Importance In Workplace Motivation

Maslow’s Theory of Needs

Motivation is considered as a wide concept in the business environment. It has been analyzed that employees in the workplace should be motivated so that they can achieve their desired goals. Motivation is a concept related to the needs, wants and desires of an individual. To achieve growth in the market it is important for the employees to be motivated so that they can give their best towards the assigned activities of the company.

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If the employees of the company are not motivated then it can be risky for the company to manage the entire activities of the workplace. Also it has been examined that motivated employees give their best by enhancing the overall productivity which can lead to the overall success of the company. The thesis statement relates to business motivation.

In this paper the discussion will be made on the motivation theory which is “Maslow theory of needs”. It can be examined that Maslow’s theory of needs is related with the needs of the employees which is important to be fulfilled so that they can feel motivated and happy towards their assigned activities. Also when the employees are motivated they show efficiency towards the overall goals of the organization.

To attain the goals it has been seen that motivation should be there in the workplace so that positive outcome can be attained. Motivated employees in the workplace are only the reason behind attaining the overall goals. Therefore, this paper highlights the overall need of the Maslow theory in the workplace as it can help to maintain positive culture in the workplace.

It is one of the best theories in relation to the overall theories of motivation. It has been seen that top management should take into consideration this theory so that it can be easy to achieve positive outcome from the activities which are completed in the workplace. Maslow’s theory of needs focuses on the requirement of the employees and the top management states that it should be fulfilled so that employees can feel happy and positive towards the entire operations of the company. Maslow theory of needs is considered as a psychology factor that takes into consideration the five factors related to the human wants (Acevedo, 2018). This theory is also showcased in the form of pyramid.

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It is necessary that lower needs in the hierarchy should be satisfied so that employees can be motivated towards the goals of the company. The model related to Maslow theory of needs focuses on the bottom of the hierarchy and goes upward. The needs which are showcased in the model are physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization need. It has been seen that Maslow stated that people are motivated so that they can satisfy their needs. The basic need is related with physical survival and it also emphasizes on behavior of the person (Alegre, Mas-Machuca & Berbegal-Mirabent, 2016).

Stages in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

The stages related to Maslow hierarchy of needs are physiological needs in which there are biological needs related to the human survival. Like on this stage food, drink, clothing and sleep is taken into consideration. If these needs are not satisfied then it has been seen that human body will not be able to function in a proper manner. Maslow also taken into consideration the physiological needs as the most essential aspect as all the other requirement are considered as secondary until the overall needs are satisfied (Daniel & Sonnentag, 2016).

The next stage is related to safety needs in which the overall protection is given in terms of security, order and also law. It is important for the employees to feel secure so that it can be simple for them to concentrate on their work which is assigned in the workplace. Job security is also one of the factors that come under this stage and it is important for the top management to satisfy this as it can help to build the overall level of confidence (Healy, 2016).

Third stage is related with love and belongingness needs in which after physiological and safety needs which are satisfied comes the third stage in which focus is given on the human needs which is social and also considers the feeling of belongingness. The requirement for interpersonal relations also motivates the overall behavior of the people which is necessary to be considered so that positive culture in the workplace can be maintained. In this the examples can be related to friendship, trust and the overall acceptance (Pinder, 2014). 

Esteem needs is considered as the next stage in which Maslow divided it into two parts which are esteem for oneself in which the focus is given on dignity, achievement and also independence. The next part is related to the desire in context to the reputation and also respect for the other person. In this the emphasis is given on status and prestige. In this it can be examined that Maslow shows that need in relation to the respect and reputation is considered as the important factor for the children and also for the employees as it helps to show status at the time of completing the overall activities in the workplace (Osemeke & Adegboyega, 2017).

The last is related to the self-actualization needs in which focus is given on realizing the overall personal potential and also the self-growth of the individual. It also takes into consideration the personal growth. It is related with the desire to become everything if an individual has the capability to become. So, this can be considered as the important stage on which the managers should emphasize so that it can be easy to maintain the growth (D’Souza & Gurin, 2016).

Significance of Maslow’s Theory in the Workplace

It has been seen by taking into consideration the theory of Maslow it can be simple for the top management to control the entire operations in the workplace. It is examined that an employee beginning focus on lower needs of thee physiology and also security.

In general it has been seen that an employee who is starting their career will focus on the physiological needs like there should be proper wages given by the top management or stability in the income. This is considered as an important factor that helps the person to grow in the competitive market. So, it can be stated that an employee who is having good salary will meet the basic needs of his or her family and will also want to have stability in the working environment (Miner, 2015). 

It has been investigated that the employees who’s basic or the low level need is not satisfied will try to consider the decisions related to the job like safety, compensation and stability in the environment.  The employees will also revert in enhancing the overall satisfaction by fulfilling their low level needs when the needs are not satisfied (Reeve, 2014). 

It has been seen that it is important for the top management to act in proper humanity when the decisions of the organization are taken like staff reductions. If difficult decisions are taken in the workplace then it can affect the other employees in the workplace and it can create the feeling of insecurity within them. The doubt can take place between the employees by taking into consideration their capability of doing work in the workplace. They can also take their security needs in context to these basic needs which are given by the top management (Rasskazova, Ivanova & Sheldon, 2016).

Also it has been seen that one of the basic need is related to belongingness which should be met. It is important to have the level of social interaction with the employees so that it can be easy for them to share their ideas and views with each other. So, it can be stated that interpersonal relations are important and top management can only create the environment in which the staff cooperation is rewarded.  This will emphasize on enhancing the overall interpersonal effectiveness in the workplace and will motivate the employees to work with efficiency (Lepper & Greene, 2015). 

The social needs of the employees can also be satisfied if focus is given on the managerial communication. It is necessary for the top management to consider cross training and also job enrichment so that it can be easy to satisfy the employees with higher needs. The esteem needs of the employees can be met when focus is given on giving chance to the employees to participate in the process of decision making. Also, the symbols related to accomplishment like awards and job perks are necessary for the employees esteem (Wlodkowski & Ginsberg, 2017).


So, by focusing on the overall concept related to Maslow needs theory it can be stated that it is one of the important theory that should be considered by the top management. This theory can directly affect the overall growth of the organization in the high level of competition. Also it will enhance the confidence level of the employees which will impact the level of productivity. This theory takes into consideration the basic needs of the employees which should be fulfilled so that it can be easy to bring improvisation in the entire operation of the company. It will also help to attain the overall goals.


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Alegre, I., Mas-Machuca, M., & Berbegal-Mirabent, J. (2016). Antecedents of employee job satisfaction: Do they matter?. Journal of Business Research, 69(4), 1390-1395.

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D’Souza, J., & Gurin, M. (2016). The universal significance of Maslow’s concept of self-actualization. The Humanistic Psychologist, 44(2), 210.

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Osemeke, M., & Adegboyega, S. (2017). Critical Review and Comparism between Maslow, Herzberg, and McClelland? s Theory of Needs. Funai Journal of Accounting, Business and Finance, 1(1), 161-173.

Pinder, C. C. (2014). Work motivation in organizational behavior. Psychology Press.

Rasskazova, E., Ivanova, T., & Sheldon, K. (2016). Comparing the effects of low-level and high-level worker need-satisfaction: A synthesis of the self-determination and Maslow need theories. Motivation and Emotion, 40(4), 541-555.

Reeve, J. (2014). Understanding motivation and emotion. John Wiley & Sons.

Wlodkowski, R. J., & Ginsberg, M. B. (2017). Enhancing adult motivation to learn: A comprehensive guide for teaching all adults. John Wiley & Sons.