PHI 2600 CBU Nothing Is Better than God Deductive or Inductive Argument MCQs

Description

Arguments Assgn.
Prof Dennis
Argument Exercises
Intro to Logic and Fallacies
Deductive or Inductive
1. Nothing is better than God. Having a lobster is better than having nothing. Lobsters are
better than God
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
2. Six in ten children who are allowed to drink at home with their parents become
alcoholics later in life. Therefore, attitudes towards drinking are formed by others near to
us.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
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3. Why is Sarah so mean to Janice? The only thing I can think of is that she’s jealous.
Jealousy is what’s making her mean.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
4. President George Bush (the elder) broke some of his campaign promises. President
Clinton broke some of his campaign promises. President Bush (the younger) broke some
of his campaign promises. Therefore, the next elected president will break some of his
campaign promises.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
5. Sherlock found finger prints as well as nail filings that the lab linked with Moriarty.
So, it is likely that Moriarty is the culprit.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
Th
6. Mercury moves on an ellipse. Venus moves on an ellipse. Earth moves on an ellipse.
Mars moves on an ellipse. Jupiter moves on an ellipse. Saturn moves on an ellipse.
Uranus moves on an ellipse. Neptune moves on an ellipse. So, Pluto moves on an ellipse.
sh
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
7. Snowden was either tried in Europe or extradited to the US. Snowden was not tried in
Europe. So, Snowden must have been extradited to the US.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
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Arguments Assgn.
Prof Dennis
8. Any city that is the capital of a country is a center of political power. Chicago is a
center of political power. So, Chicago is the capital of a country.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
9. If you study the hardest, then you deserve the best grade in the class. I studied the
hardest (factual claim). So, I deserve the best grade in class.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
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10. According to historian Howard Zinn, by 1933, the worst year of America’s Great
Depression, one fourth to one third of America’s labor force was out of work. So, a
Fourth or more of America’s workers were unemployed in 1933.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
11. Obama will make a fine president. After all, he made a fine senator.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
12. If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fewer cavities. Marie
brushes and flosses her teeth daily. Thus, she will have fewer cavities.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
13. All bodies freely falling near the surface of the Earth obey Galileo’s law. All planets
obey Kepler’s laws. Therefore, all material objects obey Newton’s laws.
A. Deductive
B. Inductive
Validity
A. Valid
B. Invalid
sh
Th
1. Based on a survey of 2200 randomly selected likely voters, 56.2% indicate that they
will vote for the incumbent in the upcoming election. Therefore, approximately 56% of
the votes in the upcoming election will be for the incumbent.
2. All humans tend to increase at a greater rate than their means of subsistence. All
organisms which increase at a rate greater than their means of subsistence are subject to a
struggle for existence. Therefore, all humans are subject to a struggle for existence
A. Valid
B. Invalid
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Arguments Assgn.
Prof Dennis
3. All physicians are college graduates, so all members of the American Medical
Association must be college graduates.
A. Valid
B. Invalid
4. As Emerson said, “All the world loves a lover.” Now that I think about it, Susan is a
part of the world. I am a lover, now that I think about it. Susan must love me! The logic is
irresistible!
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A. Valid
B. Invalid
5. All rational people believe in rule by law. All rational people are college professors.
Some college people are believers in rule by law.
A. Valid
B. Invalid
6. If penguins are birds, then they are likely to have feathers. Since it is the case that
penguins are birds, we must conclude that they are likely to have feathers.
A. Valid
B. Invalid
7. You have to be 16 years old to get a driver’s license. Abby will be 16 years old
tomorrow. Therefore, Abby can now buy a car.
A. Valid
B. Invalid
8. It is always wrong to kill an innocent human being intentionally. A fetus is an innocent
human being. So, killing a fetus intentionally is wrong.
Th
A. Valid
B. Invalid
A. Valid
B. Invalid
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9. No circles are squares. All circles are figures. So, all squares are not figures.
Fallacies
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Arguments Assgn.
Prof Dennis
1. Because the jury as a group rendered a decision that impartially took into account all
aspects of the alleged crime, so Mr. Black (one of the jurors) was impartial as anyone of
the others.
A. Division
B. Begging the question
2. People reacted when nuclear transfer technology produced [the cloned sheep] Dolly.
This birth announcement was quite unexpected. There were fears that we’d do such
things as clone babies to harvest organs. But we don’t do these kinds of things now.
Things like this—where we think of life as merely as a means to an end—will only lead
to monstrous consequences like those stated above or worse!
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A. Slippery Slope
B. Straw Man
3. Because he was a popular Southern novelist and not a scientist of any kind, it is
doubtful he had much knowledge of biology; therefore, we should not take too seriously
his argument about the problems of genetic manipulation.
A. Begging the question
B. Ad hominem
4. If you believe in the miracles of science then you should believe in the miracles of
God.
A. Appeal to ignorance
B. Equivocation
5. Oh, Officer, There’s no reason to give me a traffic ticket for going too fast because I
was just on my way to the hospital to see my wife who is in serious condition to tell her I
just lost my job and the car will be repossessed.
A. Ad hominem
B. Ad Misericordiam
Th
6. Free trade will be good for this country. The reason is patently clear. Isn’t it obvious
that unrestricted commercial relations will bestow on all sections of this nation the
benefits which result when there is an unimpeded flow of goods between countries?
sh
A. Straw man
B. Begging the question
7. John told me he is an empiricist and only believes knowledge can be gained through
experience. But he claims he is a proponent of science! Pfftt! Indeed, he claims nothing
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Arguments Assgn.
Prof Dennis
should be believed in unless it can be directly observed! Now, no one can see, hear, taste,
smell, or touch protons, electrons, or quarks. So, while empiricists pretend to be
advocates of science, their views in fact rule out the most advanced physical science of
our times.
A. Ad Hominem
B. Straw Man
6. All the really hot new thinkers are using principles from sociobiology. It’s the new
wave in ethics. So, you should accept the principles of sociobiology.
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Th
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A. Equivocation
B. Ad Populum
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