Research In Ethical And Corporate Governance

How Corporate Governance is attained and how it assists with the Structure Of Relationships, rules, processes and systems in an organization

Ethical and Corporate Governance is referred to as the policies and process that a firm has in place to pursue with diverse issues that concern how it is managed and carry out day to day corporate operations. It is primarily significant that firms exists so as to create a service or product that is basically used to generate profits (Chan, & Cheung, 2012). Conversely, that particular intention should be balanced with controls that make sure that the business pursues revenues without passing through to the line of realisms of unethical behaviours. Ethical and Corporate Governance policies must also cover the anticipated behavior of senior company members such as CEOs, the board of managers and other senior administration team who are habitually seen as exempted from usual policies that are useful in the enterprise (Carrese, 2015). Corporate Governance involves the structure of rules, systems, relationships and process by and within which power is basically controlled and exercised in businesses.

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How Corporate Governance is attained and how it assists with the Structure Of Relationships, rules, processes and systems in an organization

The aspect of Good Corporate Governance is all about having the precise and suitable procedures and policies in place. This aspect is often about upholding a culture where better relations between shareholders offer positive assistances to long-term objectives of the business. CEOs, the board of directors and other senior management team can all make a substantial contribution to the aspect of moral Corporate Governance, amenability training as part of a culture management systems as a better way to implant such a culture of the corporation at each level of the company (DesJardins, & McCall, 2014). The aspects that constitute moral Corporate Governance will basically progress in the light of the changing situations of a firm and should be personalized so as to meet those particular situations. Fundamentals of any Corporate Governance framework is instituting the duties of senior administration and the panel with a balance of abilities, experiences, and independence of the panel suitable to the extent and nature of the firm operations. Basically, there is a basic requirement for reliability among those individuals who can effect a firms financial and policy performance together with responsibility and moral decisions making that takes into account not only legal obligations but also the interests of the company shareholders. Good Corporate Governance often assists the company in ensuring that proper ethical standards have been met and maintained (Carrese, 2015). This is basically done by management team because they are considered to be the drivers of its operations. Thus they are mandated to ensure that the company offers products and services that are fit for human consumption and that the services have no particular harm to the users. Each company choice has a component of improbability and carries a risk that can be achieved via efficient oversight and internal controls that enhance framework of relationships, systems, rules, and processes in a business (Khan, Muttakin, & Siddiqui, 2013). Apparently, good company governance practice is progressively vital in evaluating the cost of money in a comprehensive capital market. Australian firms should be equipped so as to strive worldwide and to promote and maintain assurance in both overseas and Australia.

Requirements of Corporate Governance, Organizational Policies, and Financial Accountabilities and Delegations

Good corporate governance requires that the company or the business basically carry out its business in accordance with the set rules and regulations because it is the duty of companies to provide goods and services that have no harm to its clients. The company should also ensure that no misrepresentation is associated with its operations because this may offer wrong data about the company which may deceive the shareholder or its investors (Cuninghame, 2016). All employees should understand who in the company has authority to make diverse decisions because an effective framework of delegated authorities is essential to the effective and efficient operations and performance of any substantial company. Basically it is the aspect of good governance to document and clarify the delegation authority that applies to a business because such particular documentations helps employees to understand their authority so as to make decisions that encompass commitments to expenditure on behalf of the organization. In companies, the delegation of authority framework needs to be appropriate to the complexity and size of the organization, informed by the associated risks with decision-making and aligned with the organization’s strategic objectives (Fassin, Van Rossem, & Buelens, 2011). The organizational policy is another aspect that assists in good succession planning and staff renewal because employees who have high-performance records will be rewarded favorably thus enhancing the company productions. New incumbents will readily understand the delegations that are assigned to the role if they can refer to an access policy.

Good corporate governance also enhances delegation and accountability policy that basically sets out managers who are accountable for reviewing, monitoring, implementing and revising the policies because it is usually the requirement for the company management to ensure that its management team performs their respective duties diligently. Effective communication is also considered to be another effective requirement of the corporate governance in diverse companies (Del Baldo, 2012). This is because effective communication enhances better communication perspective in within companies. Employees will be able to communicate effectively and without breakage in communication that will enhance better productions and thus high yields as compared to poor communication aspects.

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Professional persons in diverse industries have the ethical and legal responsibilities to safeguard to safeguard the confidentiality of information that regards the customers in their management. Industries and companies’ within which professionals see clients or pursue research may have their own policies that concern safeguarding privacy and maintaining records. Performing duties to the best of their knowledge and in accordance with the set rules and regulations governing their responsibilities should be upheld to the highest standards so as to enable them to carry out their duties diligently. Managers in diverse companies are often required to possess the highest degree of confidentiality when handling and managing files and records for both the company and its employees (Holland, & Albrecht, 2013). This aspect is vital because it usually prevents leakage of vital information that belongs to individuals or the company to most of their competitors. Diverse firms that are most successful at protecting market-sensitive data, confidential, embedded practices for guarding that data in the culture of their industry and strengthen these through systematic messages from top executives. Diverse individuals must to be cognizant of their personal obligations so as to uphold the confidentiality of the firm data and the main tenacity of diverse systems that are utilized so as to keep market sensitive data and confidentiality when basically handing company files and records (Khan, Muttakin, & Siddiqui, 2013). Management and handling of confidential files and records encompass discussion about employee relation issues, actions relating to discipline, impending layoffs, termination, and workplace investigation of workers misconducts. While the revelation of this vital data is necessarily prohibited but it is almost counter-productive and can really damage the shared spirit of a work place.

Ethical Considerations and Management Confidentiality in Handling Files and Records

How companies promote responsible and ethical decision-making

In this case, the company board of directors often recognizes the need for sustained conservation of the top standards of company governance exercise and ethical behavior by all the company management and workforces (Tricker, & Tricker, 2015). Diverse companies usually promote responsible and ethical decision-making by ensuring that its management team performs their duties in accordance with the set guidelines so as to facilitate the company produce products and services that are fit for human use. This aspect is quite vital for the company because it will increase its credibility and improve confidence among its customers. The aspect of ethical making of decision in the organization has basically gained much attention in modern years for diverse reasons such as rising public scorn that regards business behaviors and internal individual work values engagements. Managers should acknowledge their duties in shaping companies ethics and seize this chance so as to build a climate that can reinforce the reputations and relationships on which their corporation’s success relies on. Managers who disregard ethics run the risk of corporate and personal obligation in present increasingly harsh legal environment (Ferrell, & Fraedrich, 2015). Additionally, they dispossess their companies of the benefits accessible under new state guidelines for penalizing organizations convicted of misconduct. These sentencing rules recognize for the first time the managerial and organizational roots of illegal conduct and base charges partially on the degree to which firms have taken steps to avert that delinquency.

According to financial legislation that relates to taxable transactions and reporting requirements, diverse firms are often required to ensure that they report their year-end profits in accordance with the prescribed rules set the legislative bodies. Setting-up the right statement keeping mechanism for the business basically helps the company work effectively and meet the legal rations and strengthens the employees and customer relations (Tricker, & Tricker, 2015). Another key feature is that the company present its proof of purchase such as receipts, sales records, and employment records so as to enable the company supports their reports to the taxable authorities. It is the best idea to keep business and personal records different so as to streamline tax returns and business reporting. For instance, using a devoted business debit and credit card for corporate expenses will make it easy to distinct personal and business expenses. When companies and other organizations conform to accounting standards, their overall purpose of financial reports must be more equivalent than they would then be. This permits stakeholders and other users of the financial reports to relate the organizations better.  The financial reports also offer one means in which the governing and management body of an organization are accountable to those who offer resources to the organization (Tricker, & Tricker, 2015). The provision of data for accountability aims is a main important aspect of financial statements by public division organizations and non-profit making companies in the private sectors.

How companies promote responsible and ethical decision-making

Main requirements of organizational procedures and policy that relates to:

Corporate governance is considered to be the mechanism of practices, processes and rules by which a firm is controlled and directed. This aspect basically involving balancing the company interests of its shareholders such as management, suppliers, financiers, and customers. Since the aspect of corporate governance also offers the framework for achieving the firm goals, it included essentially every scope of management from internal controls and action plans to performance evaluations and corporate disclosures (Carrese, 2015). Basing on the relevance of this case, a company is often required to utilize the set rules and regulations so as to ensure that their way of productions is acceptable to the general public. Firms that do not follow the set rules and guidelines are expected ensure that their management team improves their working baseline so as to improve their performance. Another key requirement is proper management. Noble corporate governance basically creates an apparent set of rules and controls in which the stakeholders, and directors have aligned motivations. Most of the firms basically struggle to have a high degree of cooperate governance (Weiss, 2014). The organization is basically required to approach their production aspect in accordance with the country’s set guidelines because it is usually the responsibility of the country to ensure that the products produced are of high quality and fit human consumption. Organizations also ensure that when employing other staffs, they must contain high-quality skills and knowledge that fit the descriptions because it is usually the employees who improve the company credibility and confidence among its customers. Employees that possess high skills should be readily employed by firms so as to assist them in the production of high-quality goods and services and accordance with the set guideline.

The diverse organization often requires individuals that possess a high level of skills and knowledge when adding up their workforce (Pauls, 2012). This is vital because it is the duty of the company management to ensure that the right employees are employed so as to facilitate better productions. Financial responsibility results from keeping a person for efficiently executing a financial act such as main control process in a financial deal process. In diverse companies, when delegating duties, the individual allocated to carry out a particular task is usually responsible and accountable for the task. This is often important because it will facilitate seriousness in doing the task. Level of skills is another key feature during financial delegation and accountability because management team should often embrace on skills in that only qualified individuals are allocated to carry out a particular task in the organization. This aspect is often important because it will enhance the aspect of accountability and responsibility when allocated a particular task to undertake (Mason, & Simmons, 2014).  A person that is accountable for the effective accomplishment of a main control policy may, as procedure permits, assign the duty, but not the responsibility, for finishing the policy to another skilled individual. Authority delegation is a requirement for the successful execution of results basing on management because to be responsible for results; directors have to be appropriately empowered via the clear authority delegation in all parts that includes the management of human resources (Carrese, 2015). 


Carrese, Joseph A. (2015). The essential role of medical ethics education in achieving

professionalism: the Romanell Report.” Academic Medicine 90.6: 744-752.

Cuninghame, Charles. (2016). Ethics and professionalism.” Australian Restructuring Insolvency & Turnaround Association Journal 28.4: 4.

Chan, A. W., & Cheung, H. Y. (2012). Cultural dimensions, ethical sensitivity, and corporate governance. Journal of Business Ethics, 110(1), 45-59.

DesJardins, J. R., & McCall, J. J. (2014). Contemporary issues in business ethics. Cengage


Del Baldo, M. (2012). Corporate social responsibility and corporate governance in Italian SMEs: The experience of some “spirited businesses”. Journal of Management & Governance, 16(1), 1-36.

Fassin, Y., Van Rossem, A., & Buelens, M. (2011). Small-business owner-managers’

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Ferrell, O. C., & Fraedrich, J. (2015). Business ethics: Ethical decision making & cases. Nelson Education.

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Mason, C., & Simmons, J. (2014). Embedding corporate social responsibility in corporate governance: A stakeholder systems approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 119(1), 77-86.

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Weiss, J. W. (2014). Business ethics: A stakeholder and issues management approach. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Tricker, R. B., & Tricker, R. I. (2015). Corporate governance: Principles, policies, and practices. Oxford University Press, USA.