Select Harvests And Seafarms: Ownership Equity Analysis And Cash Flow Statements

Select Harvests

The second company chosen is Select Harvests which is the country’s biggest vertically integrated company that supplies the health food and also has its wings in the fields of Horticulture, Orchard Management, Processing, Sales and Marketing. This would help in the benefitting of the various different capability throughout the value in chain. The company is the largest growers of almond and is also a leading manufacturer, processor and the marketer of the nut products.

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The company has many orchards, located in Victoria, South Australia and the New South Wales. The portfolio of the company sets across about 4,000 hectares of land.

The brands of the company provides a variety of almonds and other such natural products (Select harvests, 2018).

Owners’ equity:.

Part i:

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The following are the desired statements:

Seafarms:

Owner’s equity:

 

 

 (Amounts in $)

 

 

 

Particulars

2017

2016

Understanding

Change

Change in %

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contributed equity

 1015,12,627.00

   790,21,152.00

this is the amount of the money that each shareholder has invested in the company

could be due to new capital/investment by the shareholders

28.46%

Other reserves

     52,52,773.00

     52,52,773.00

this is the amount of money that the company has put aside from the net profits earned in the previous years for some contingency that may arise in future or for future unforseen circumstances

could be due to addition of previous years losses

0.00%

Retained earnings

 -740,46,780.00

 -542,71,317.00

these are the part of the profits earned in the previous years after paying off dividend etc

could be due to previous years losses being transferred in this account

36.44%

 

 

 

 

 

#DIV/0!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

   327,18,620.00

   300,02,608.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Select Harvests:

Particulars

2017

2016

Understanding

Change

Change in %

Contributed equity

               1,81,164.00

              1,78,553.00

this is the amount of the money that each shareholder has invested in the company

could be due to new capital/investment by the shareholders

1.46%

Reserves

                  11,602.00

                 11,168.00

this is the amount of money that the company has put aside from the net profits earned in the previous years for some contingency that may arise in future or for future unforseen circumstances

could be due to addition of previous years losses

3.89%

Retained earnings

                  84,853.00

              1,01,180.00

these are the part of the profits earned in the previous years after paying off dividend etc

could be due to previous year’s profits/losses being transferred in this account

-16.14%

Total

               2,77,619.00

              2,90,901.00

Part ii:

The following is the desired analysis:

 

Seafarmers

Select Harvests

Particulars

2017

2017

Contributed equity

        1015,12,627.00

  1,81,164.00

Reserves

            52,52,773.00

     84,853.00

Retained earnings

        -740,46,780.00

                 –  

Total

          327,18,620.00

  2,66,017.00

Cash flow statement:

Part iii:

Seafarms:

Cash flow statement:

 

 

 (Amounts in $)

 

 

Particulars

2017

2016

Understanding

Change in %

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receipts from customers

   366,79,784.00

   249,41,098.00

these are the amounts that the company has received from its customers from the sale of its goods or services

47.07%

Payments to suppliers and employees

 -504,81,890.00

  -346,54,732.00

these are the amounts that have been paid by the company to the suppliers that supply the goods that they ultimtaley sell to its customers

45.67%

Interest paid

   -10,10,193.00

      -4,70,768.00

this is the sum of the interest paid on the borrowed capital by the company

114.58%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

  -148,12,299.00

  -101,84,402.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payments for property, plant and equipment

   -28,17,666.00

    -11,53,848.00

these are the amounts that are made by the company towards the property, plant and equipment

144.20%

Proceeds from/(Payments for) other financial assets

       3,13,190.00

         -53,442.00

these are the amounts that are made/received by the company towards the financial assets

-686.04%

Loans to related parties

                      –  

         -74,190.00

amounts given to the outsiders as loan

-100.00%

Proceeds from sale of non-current assets held for sale

                      –  

     12,80,000.00

these are the amounts that are received by the company towards the sale of non-current assets

-100.00%

Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale financial assets

                      –  

            2,067.00

these are the amounts that are received by the company towards the sale of securities

-100.00%

Interest received

          62,754.00

          72,888.00

amounts received by the company towards the interest from loans given to outsiders

-13.90%

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

    -24,41,722.00

          73,475.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issues of shares and other equity securities

   224,91,475.00

     94,21,234.00

amounts received by the company from the sale of equity shares

138.73%

Repayment of borrowings

   -16,46,148.00

    -30,58,000.00

amounts paid to the outsiders for the loans taken from them

-46.17%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

   208,45,327.00

     63,63,234.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     35,91,306.00

    -37,47,693.00

Net cash from aggregate of the activities in the year

 

Cash and cash equivalents at start of period

     82,83,532.00

   120,31,225.00

Cash in the start

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   118,74,838.00

     82,83,532.00

Net cash at the end of the year

 

 

 

 

 

 

Select Harvest:

Particulars

2017

2016

Understanding

Change

Change in %

Cash flows from operating activities:

Receipts from customers

     2,49,969.00

     3,04,306.00

these are the amounts that the company has received from the customers

      -54,337.00

-17.86%

Payments to suppliers and employees

    -2,11,212.00

   -2,05,688.00

these are the amounts paid to the local vendors of the company

        -5,524.00

2.69%

Interest received

               31.00

             294.00

this is the amount of the interest received from the loans given to outsiders

           -263.00

-89.46%

Interest paid

         -5,028.00

        -5,156.00

this is the amount of the interest paid on the loans taken from outsiders

            128.00

-2.48%

Income tax paid

       -29,022.00

           -890.00

amount paid towards the income taxes

      -28,132.00

3160.90%

Net cash inflow from operating activities

          4,738.00

        92,866.00

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

Proceeds from Government grants

          2,805.00

          4,118.00

amounts received from the government as grants

        -1,313.00

-31.88%

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

               12.00

          9,800.00

amounts received from the sale of property, plant and equipment

        -9,788.00

-99.88%

Proceeds from sale and leaseback transaction

                     –  

        34,922.00

amounts received from the sale of leaseback property

      -34,922.00

-100.00%

Payment for water rights

         -4,540.00

        -9,591.00

amounts paid towards the water rights

         5,051.00

-52.66%

Payment for property, plant and equipment

       -23,581.00

      -32,717.00

amounts paid towards the purchase of property, plant and equipment

         9,136.00

-27.92%

Acquisition of almond orchards

       -21,838.00

        -5,285.00

amount paid towards the acquisition of almond orchards

      -16,553.00

313.21%

Tree development costs

         -9,646.00

        -4,408.00

amount paid towards the tree development costs

        -5,238.00

118.83%

Net cash outflow from investing activities

       -56,788.00

        -3,161.00

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

Proceeds from sale and leaseback transaction

                     –  

        28,362.00

amounts received from the sale of lease back transaction

      -28,362.00

-100.00%

Proceeds from borrowings

     2,09,250.00

     1,97,000.00

amounts received from borrowing money from outside

       12,250.00

6.22%

Repayments of borrowings

    -1,28,750.00

   -2,79,608.00

amounts paid towards the repayment of the borrowings

    1,50,858.00

-53.95%

Repayments of finance leases

         -3,962.00

        -1,911.00

amounts paid towards the finance lease

        -2,051.00

107.33%

Dividends on ordinary shares, net of Dividend Reinvestment Plan

       -22,964.00

      -31,903.00

amounts paid towards the reinvestment plan

         8,939.00

-28.02%

Net cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities

        53,574.00

      -88,060.00

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

          1,524.00

          1,645.00

Net cash from aggregate of the activties in the year

           -121.00

-7.36%

Cash and cash equivalents at start of period

         -3,455.00

        -5,100.00

Cash in the start

         1,645.00

-32.25%

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

         -1,931.00

        -3,455.00

Net cash at the end of the year

         1,524.00

-44.11%

Part IV:

The following is the desired comparative statement:

 

Seafarms

Select Harvest

Particulars

2017

2016

2015

2017

2016

2015

Net cash from operating activities

   -148,12,299.00

          4,738.00

  -101,84,402.00

                4,738.00

         92,866.00

           30,399.00

Net cash from financing activities

     208,45,327.00

        53,574.00

      63,63,234.00

              53,574.00

        -88,060.00

           60,420.00

Net cash from investing activities

     -24,41,722.00

      -56,788.00

           73,475.00

            -56,788.00

          -3,161.00

         -99,932.00

Total

       35,91,306.00

          1,524.00

     -37,47,693.00

                1,524.00

           1,645.00

            -9,113.00

Part v:

In respect of Seafarms, it could be said that the company could be facing a cash crunch which could be seen from the negative amount of the cash flows in 2015 but the same has then improved over the years.

In respect of Select Harvest, it could be said that the company could be facing a cash crunch which could be seen from the negative amount of the cash flows in 2015 but the same has then improved over the years.

Also, when comparing the 2, the following could be said:

  • In year 2017, Seafarms was better in terms of cash in hand
  • In year 2016, Select Harvest was better in terms of cash in hand
  • In year 2015, none is better

Other comprehensive income statement:

Part vi:

Seafarms:

Statement of comprehensive income

 

 (Amounts in $)

 

Particulars

2017

2016

 

Profit/(Loss) for the period

 -197,75,463.00

 -183,60,319.00

Total comprehensive loss for the year/period is attributable to: Owners of Seafarms Group Limited

  -197,75,463.00

  -183,60,319.00

Select Harvest:

Statement of comprehensive income

 

 

(Amounts in $ in millions)

 

 

Particulars

2017

2016

Contributed Equity

Reserves

Retained Earnings

Profit/(Loss) for the period

                            –  

                          –  

                         9,249.00

Other comprehensive loss

                   205.00

                       33,796.00

Total comprehensive income for the year

                            –  

                   205.00

                       43,045.00

       

The company does not have any comprehensive income.

Part vii:

The other comprehensive income comprises of the items that as such do not have an effect on the balance sheet. But then it is also true that the same cannot be reported in the income statement of the company. These are the changes that are reported in the statement of comprehensive income with all of the other amounts from the income statement.

Merely due to the reason that the other comprehensive income has no effect on the net income, that would lead to a cause in the change in the retained earnings, shareholder’s equity, etc.

The example include unrealised gains or losses, foreign currency translation adjustments, unrealised gains or losses on the investments etc. (Accounting coach, 2018).

Part viii:

The following is the desired statement:

 

Seafarmers

Select Harvests

Particulars

2017

2017

Comprehensive income

        -197,75,463.00

                 –  

If these income form the part of the profit and loss statement, then the company’s profit earned during the year would increase. Which would in turn benefit the shareholders. But the company shall be at a loss since it will have to pay taxes on them.

Owner’s Equity

Part ix:

The other comprehensive income comprises of the items that as such do not have an effect on the balance sheet. But then it is also true that the same cannot be reported in the income statement of the company. These are the changes that are reported in the statement of comprehensive income with all of the other amounts from the income statement.

Merely due to the reason that the other comprehensive income has no effect on the net income, that would lead to a cause in the change in the retained earnings, shareholder’s equity, etc.

The example include unrealised gains or losses, foreign currency translation adjustments, unrealised gains or losses on the investments etc.

So, it would not be fair to record these in the income statement.

Accounting for corporate income tax:

Part x:

The following are that tax expense that are shown in the financial statements of the 2 companies:

 

Seafarmers

Select Farmers

Particulars

2017

2016

Income taxes

       62,69,297.00

          2,729.00

The companies have reported the income taxes in their financial statements that have been paid in by the company on the revenue that it has generated during the ordinary course of trade.

Part xi:

The following is the desired table:

Effective tax rate

 

Seafarmers

Select Farmers

Particulars

2017

2016

Effective tax rate:

-46%

23%

Income taxes

       62,69,297.00

          2,729.00

Earnings before taxes

   -135,06,166.00

        11,978.00

Since Seafarms has reported a loss in its financial statements, hence the effective tax rate is negative for it.

Part xii:

Deferred tax assets are the assets that are allowable as an expense for the company in the future periods. These are the expenses that are disallowed during the current year of the company due to its timing difference (Taxmann, 2018).

Part xiii:

In respect of Woolworth, there has been an increase in the amount of the deferred tax assets.

In respect of Wesfarmers, there has been an increase in the amount of the deferred tax assets.

Part xiv:

The following is the desired computation:

Particulars

Seafarms

Select Harvest

Net income

  -197,75,463.00

            9,249.00

Less: deferred tax assets

      38,51,000.00

          30,591.00

Income on which taxes would have been paid

  -236,26,463.00

         -21,342.00

Part xv:

The following is the desired table:

Particulars

Seafarms

Select Harvest

 Income tax provision

                             –  

                       –  

 Increase in deferred tax assets

                      126.10

                       –  

 Current income taxes

                      126.10

                       –  

 Other income

                             –  

            2,161.00

 Taxes paid on other income

                             –  

               497.03

 Unlevered cash taxes

                      126.10

           -2,658.03

 EBITA

        -197,75,463.00

          11,978.00

 Cash tax rate

0.00%

-22.19%

In case of Seafarms, since the company has reported a loss during the year, hence the cash rate is 0% and in the case of Select Harvest, since there are no current year’s income taxes, deferred taxes, hence, the cash rate is negative. The company Select Harvest has negative unlevered cash taxes and hence, the final result which is the cash tax rate is also negative.

Part xvi:

Cash tax rate is different from the book tax rate since the companies always pay less taxes than what becomes due.

Conclusion

Both these companies that have bene undertaken for review have represented the transactions that have been entered into during the year in the utmost beneficial way. But since Seafarms has reported a loss, it needs to have a discussion with regard to the improvement of its affairs so that either more revenue could be generated or expense could be decreased.

In respect of equity, Seafarms has more investment made from the outsiders when compared with Select Harvest. In respect of comprehensive income, Seafarms only has such a statement reported in its financial statement. In terms of cash flows, Seafarms seems to be better in term of cash in hand.

References:

AccountingCoach.com. (2018). What is other comprehensive income? | AccountingCoach

Harvests, S. and Harvests, S. (2018). Our Company | Select Harvests.

Difference between Deferred Tax Asset (DTA) and Deferred Tax Liability (DTL)

Martin, F. (2018). About Us | Seafarms Group Limited. [online] Seafarms Group Limited.

 Annual report 2017. 

Annual report 2016. 

Annual report 2015. 

.Annual report 2017. 

Asx.com.au. (2018). The official list.