Sydney, Australia: A Dynamic, Growing City With A United, Diverse Community

Sydney’s Varied and Dynamic Ethnicity

I was born and bred in Sydney. It is the largest and oldest city in Australia accommodating over 4.5 million people. Sydney has varied and dynamic ethnicity with about 31.6% of its population born abroad compared to 22.1% of its overall Australian population (Heinrichs, 2007).  With about 4.5 million people, according to census carried out in 2011, Sydney metropolitan area records an annual growth of about 1.8% in past few years.  Britain was the topmost  country in birth from outside Australia that inhabited Sydney region. Second highest country in birth in Sydney region was China (Blashfield, 2012). 

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Many people in my community love sport. Several people in my community are members of a sporting activity either for leisure or professionally. The Sydney Swans Fan club with which I am a member is one of the many sporting communities attached to (AFL) Australian Football League (Moran, 2011).  Through the internet, many people have joined or shown interest in this club thus, developing the club. Through sports, the members of the fun club try to fulfill other community roles such as attending to sick children. The programs for the community also give an opportunity for its young members to organize events to acquaint with the big players. 

An Intergenerational Report of 2010 stated that in the next fourty years, the population between ages of 65-84 is estimated to double. The report further states that by May 2011, overall 28.4% of the citizens aged fifteen and above had attained a Bachelor or Post Graduate degree in Sidney Metropolitan city compared to the average national population of 23.6% (Australia, 2006). According to census carried out in 2011, there were about 16,000 homeless people in the regions while about 45,000 indigenous people reside in the region being about 8,600 more than the 2006 census. Another census was carried out in 2016 that showed in December 2014, unemployment rate of Sydney region was 5.1% (Moran, 2011). 

Sydney was also home of Aboriginal people who were the Gadigal people. The tribes of the Sydney Metropolitan area are about twenty nine collectively called Eora Nation (Blashfield, 2012). Eora means from here. This was  the original name used by the Aboriginal coastal people in Sydney. The Gadigal are a clan group from Eora. The inner suburbs of Sidney have for a long time attracted the Aboriginal people seeking connections with family and community, shelter and work opportunities. In the 20th century, Sidney Aboriginal community had a developing political activism that led to the creation and growth of support structures and facilities for the Aboriginal people (Australia., & United States. 2011). 

Sydney’s Sporting Communities

Initially, the Aboriginal people were both contentious and generous towards the British colonizers. The first intact was destructive. However, Gadigal culture maintained and later joined by other Aboriginal people as the Sydney Metropolitan city developed. These Aboriginal people from other areas such as North South Wales forged relations with the community and lived and worked together (Australia., & United States. 2011). 

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Schooling and education nurtured encouraged and developed the Aboriginal people residing in Sidney. They created their learning activities and opportuties through self-determination groups in the 1960s. The Torres Strait Islander together with Aboriginal people also have leisure and sporting activities to strengthen connections with dance, theatre and music as their way of expressing spirituality and political goals. Through training the groups of people have advanced in art practices, opening up galleries, exhibitions and museums (Australia, 2006). Continuous research is being carried out for the Aboriginal people in Sydney together with Torres Strait Islander to assist in supporting the tribe in Eora journey.

Sidney has many resources one being its beautiful nature that attracts tourists. There are many tourist attractions such as the Museum of Sidney that is a gallery devoted to the original people. Another is the Powerhous Museum that has various items relating to the Torres Straight Island and Aboriginal people. Sydney Harbor Bridge is also a beautiful site that attracts many people within and out of the city. Habor National park can be a picnic spot for children that will view the wildlife and famous Hobart Yacht race. There is also a beach in the Habor Park that children and adults can swim and take a walk. There is also other facilities such as schools and universities, such as the University of Sidney. There are opera houses such as Sydney Opera House that assists people interested in holding productions related to Torres and the Aboriginal people. It also has film festivals. There are several other amenities such as libraries for example, Waterloo Library that holds many fictitious and non-fictitious items on the history and culture of the Australian people (Flood, 2006). 

Children have a wide variety of places to visit with their parents. There are various attractions, reserves, parks and beaches including zoos that kids would love to visit. For example, apart from the Sydney Harbor, there is Luna Park, and Taronga Zoo where children can have the fun of watching seals, and Australian sea lions. There is also the Sydney Tower that will excite children and ignite thrill in them. There are various other beautiful sceneries such as the sea life Sydney Aquarium that children and adults love to watch. Treetop Adventure Park gives provides activity for children to slide down objects on air while moving from one tree to another while suspended on bridges. Children enjoy various activities up to 10 – 15 metres above the ground.

Education in Sydney and the Aboriginal Peoples

New Zealand and Australia have several things in common, three of which are most vivid. Firstly the two countries urban societies came from British in a series of three centuries and later built on the conquest of a people that did not reside in the cities. Secondly, both countries accommodate migrants that make up about twenty percent of the population. Thirdly, the two countries are located in the same area or part of the world and are home to indigenous tribes.

Although these two countries share several things in common, they have been subjected to different environmental and historical impacts which have resulted in major cultural variances. New Zealand on one hand was created on religious colony while Australia was created on a penal colony. New Zealand is also a land of glaciers, lakes and fertile soils while Australia is a land of snakes, desert, droughts and harsh land. Both countries house or accommodate indigenous tribes that have in a long time struggled to sustain their people and culture. The Maori from New Zealand and Aboriginals from Australia have a deep history of colonization although their features from language, to source are different. These features are conspicuous in the modern countries of New Zealand and Australia which reflect the nations’ histories (Chow, 2008). 

The oldest serving culture that dates back to 60,000 years is the Aboriginal culture. For many decades, the Aboriginal divided into tribal groups with varying cultures including as many as two hundred fifty dialects. With the arrival of the first bunch of British settlers in Australia in 1788, the purpose being to create the a penal colony nation, a few convicts departed from Australia to New Zealand where they met the cultural tribe of New Zealand the Maori people (New Zealand, 2000) . The Maori people are mono-cultured unlike the Aboriginals who are multi-cultured. The two tribes kept their systems of belief through the oral traditions. In their culture, gods have several roles not only one and are classified as Ancestral, Totemic and Creation Beings. On the other hand, Maoris believe that all living things and elements are linked by a common descendant.  They describe their origin from the separation of one couple.   

Aboriginal have a ritual known as walkabout ritual a rites passage for the teens males. In this rite of passage, young boys wander around with aim of linking with the spirits, who later escort the young men back home (New Zealand, 2008). The Maori also have a ritual which requires impressing a tattoo at age of puberty. Later the kids get impressed additional tattoos to mark important occasions. The women also get tattoos on their chins and upper lips. The men also get tattoos that represent their position and lineage.

Tourist Attractions in Sydney

As pertains arts, the Aboriginal have an instrument in the form of wood used in ceremonies and rituals. The wood is made from the trees such as eucalyptus and is of length of three to ten feet.

Apart from having indigenous tribes, New Zealand similarities to Australia revolve around the population which comprise of many foreigners that settled there. The largest city in New Zealand is Auckland with a population of 1.5 million people some of who live within the boundary. The city is in the middle of two harbors with over one hundred kilometers of coastline and beaches. It also houses marine parks. The city attracts tourists with its landscape on which there are volcanic cones. The city is surrounded by water hence the term City of Sails as it is known to own the biggest boats (New Zealand, 2007). The main language used in the city is English although a large population speak Polynesian, Maori and Asian languages. There are various places children can enjoy such as Miranda Hot Springs with fresh mineral water, pools and suit swimmers to help the children swim. There is also Snow Planet with enclosed snow all year through. Kids and others will enjoy the atmosphere of snow skiing, tobogganing and other snow activities.

Children are protected in both countries through Children rights policies. Rights of children come under three classes: the protection of children, provision rights and right to participation. Provision rights are the rights of acquiring certain living standards such as health and education whereas protection involve protection from discrimination and abuse. Participation rights of children include rights to express themselves freely and right to participate in public life (New Zealand, 2008). A review by a Commission in 2004 found out that children enjoy their basic right in New Zealand. However, they also found out that children were subjected to abuse and poverty. This denial of rights of children was amongst the pressing issue on human rights that needed to be addressed. Other issues were inequality, particularly on Maori children with ill health and lacked access to education. Since the review, New Zealand has significantly improved in addressing the children rights issue. Some of the implementations included increasing allocation to budget to address children issues and amendment of Violence Act (Chow, 2008). On education, there was an implementation on an enhanced curriculum  that would consider early childhood education.

References

Australia. (2006). Composition of trade, Australia. Barton, ACT.

Australia., & United States. (2011). Scientific cooperation: Agreement between the United States of America and Australia ; signed at Canberra, February 28, 2006. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of State.

Blashfield, J. F. (2012). Australia. New York: Children’s Press.

Chow, R. (2008). Ethics after idealism: Theory, culture, ethnicity, reading. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Flood, J. (2006). The original Australians: Story of the Aboriginal people. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.

Heinrichs, A. (2007). Australia. New York: Children’s Press.

Migos (Musical group),, DJ, K., Lil, U. V., Gucci, M., 2, C., & Scott, T. (2017). Culture.

Moran, P. (2011). Australia. Basingstoke: AA.

New Zealand., New Zealand., & New Zealand. (2000). The New Zealand biodiversity strategy. Wellington, N.Z.: Dept. of Conservation.

New Zealand. (2007). Environment New Zealand 2007: Summary. Wellington, N.Z: Ministry for the Environment.

New Zealand. (2008). New Zealand census of women’s participation 2008. Auckland, N.Z.: Human Rights Commission.

New Zealand. (2006). Ma?ori peoples of New Zealand =: Nga? iwi o Aotearoa. Auckland, N.Z: David Bateman.