SWOT Analysis of Performance Analysis of Primark

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Executive Summary
This report provides information to potential investors using ratio analysis to examine profitability, liquidity, efficiency, the gearing of Primark Ltd for 2015. The report will pay much attention to earning power, liquidity, credit management, debt management, inventory management, and capital structure of Primark by comparing it with three other competitors: Next Plc, TJX UK and House of Fraser. The report highlight on major strength, weakness, opportunities and threats of Primark within the Fashion retail business to aid potential to make a better-informed decision to invest in Primark. The report analyses the financial situation of Primark with its competitors and provides a recommendation for improvement. Primark recorded a significant increase of 7.57% of Return on Capital Employed (ROCE). 2015 saw an increase of 3.76% in turnover.
Business and Financial Situation
Primark is a subsidiary of the Association of British Food (ABF) Group. The company was incorporated in 1969 in Ireland trading with the name Penny’s. Primark is headquartered in Dublin. Primark has grown over the years to carve a niche for itself to be a major high street clothing retailer with an appearance of over 238 branches in UK, Ireland and Europe.
Primark offers inventive, trendy clothes at value-for-money prices. Like several fashion retail companies, Primark does not manufacture its products itself. The firm works with suppliers to produce to its requirement. The firm relies on low cost, economies of scale and efficient distribution strategies to sustain its competitive market position.
Turnover of Primark between the financial years 2015 and 2014 increased from 2,786,250,000 to 2,890,892,000 which indicates an increase of 3.76% of the 2014 turnover. Primark recorded an 80.47% Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) for 2015 which is 7.57% increase of 2014 ROCE.
Profitability of Primark for the year under review did not see much improvement. Primark gained a feeble 0.74% and 0.40% for gross profit margin and operating profit margin respectively. The net profit margin, on the other hand, saw a partly 0.35% in net margin. Overall, profitability grew under 1% for the year under review. There could be many factors causing this partly less than 1% increase in profitability. Competition, increase in operating expenses, the general economy, etc.
The Liquidity ratios analyse Primark’s ability to meet its short-term obligations as and when they fall due. In general, the ratio assesses how easy it is for Primark to convert its assets into cash. The acceptable range of current ratio is between 0.5 and 2.0. Current ratio and quick ratio saw a partly increase of 0.09 and 0.02 respectively which indicates Primark is operating outside the acceptable range of current ratio. In reality, the current and acid test ratios do not indicate Primark is risky for investors, but Primark operates in an industry where cash is the standard

Primark’s activity ratios show how it has been effective in utilising its assets to generate income, how long it takes to collect cash from its sales and also make payment for its purchases. Primark’s inventory turnover times saw a drop of 1 stock turnover times in 2015 which translated into an increase in the number of inventory turnover period by 8days. This means Primark now require 8 more days to sell off its inventory. Primark has a favourable creditor’s collection period which allows them ample time to sell off inventory then make payment to suppliers. A 0.10 drop in accounts payable turnover translates into 12 days reduction in creditor’s collection periods in 2015 which is still favourable to Primark. This indicates Primark mostly buy its inventory on credit. Receivables turnover has reduced from 127 times in 2014 to 50.41 times in 2015. This reduction in receivables turnover translates into an increase of 4 days from 2.87 days in 2014 to 7.24 days in 2015.
The increases of 0.05 in asset turnover in 2015 translated into an increase of 3.76% in sales in 2015.

Primark is not a highly geared company, this show that the operation of the company is financed through equity. There is a slight decline on the dependence on outside sources of funding from 8.80% to 8%. This is good news for Primark. This indicates that for every £1 of capital employed 8% is debt and the rest of capital employed financed through equity.

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The debt to equity ratio of Primark is very high debt-to-equity ratio. There is a slight reduction in the debt-to-equity ratio from 4.62:1 in 2014 to 3.83:1 in 2015. The debt-to-equity ratio indicates that the proportion of Primark’s assets financed by creditors are 4.62 and 3.83 times more in 2015 and 2014 respectively than the proportion of assets financed through Primark’s equity. The ratio also indicates that, for every £4.62 total liabilities in 2015 and every £3.83 of total liabilities in 2014, equity can pay £1 of it. The acceptable debt-to-equity ratio for most companies is 1.5 – 2. Primark’s high debt-to-equity ratio is as a result of purchasing most of its inventory on credit. The high debt-to-equity ratio does not necessarily mean Primark is risky for investors. Primark is able to generate enough cash because it sells for cash and has also got a favourable creditors collection period of 203 days.
Evaluation of Primark with Peers
Profitability

Primark and Next Plc managed less than 1% increase in gross margin for the year 2015. Next saw a little over one 1% increase in gross margin whilst House of Fraser recorded a decrease of 0.25% in gross margin for 2015. The gross margin of the four firms shows stability in gross margin. Operating margin saw an increase between 0.4% and 1.33% for Primark, Next Plc and TJX UK with only House of Fraser achieving -1.36% in operating margin. House of Fraser with its 58.72% gross margin could manage only 2.64% as operating margin. This is very bad. The picture shows House of Fraser is practising the premium pricing strategy where businesses set cost higher than their competitors as result records low sales. The operating profit margin of Next Plc is almost twice as much of Primark’s operating margin. Primark also recorded operating margin little below twice the operating margin of TJX UK whilst TJX UK recorded operating margin little over twice that of House of Fraser. Primark on profitability is doing well looking at the intense competition within the clothing retail industry.
Liquidity

Liquidity for Primark, Next Plc and TJX UK saw a slight increase in House of Fraser recording a decrease in current ratio. The slight increase in currency ratio means Primark earned 10p, Next Plc earned 6p, and TJX UK earned 28p more of current assets to pay short-term obligations. House of Fraser on the other hand lost 5p of current assets to pay short-term liabilities. The quick ratio is an indication that Primark, TJX UK and House of Fraser have inventory as the larger portion of current assets. Lenders and creditors are very much interested in this ratio as it helps them determine whether Primark, Next Plc, TJX UK and House of Fraser would be able to meet its future obligations. Primark has the least current and quick ratios of 0.37 and 0.05 respectively to £1 of current liabilities.
Efficiency

The efficiency with which Primark, Next Plc and House of Fraser use to turn its inventory into sale has reduced. Primark, Next Plc and House of Fraser all had a reduction in their stock turnover times for 2015 with only TJX UK having a slight increase in their stock turnover times which reduced their stock turnover periods by 1.02 days. The decrease in stock turnover for Primark, Next Plc and House of Fraser is insignificant at stock turnover ratio but that is not the same at the stock turnover periods level. The decrease in stock turnover led to an increase of 8 days in stock turnover periods for Primark and Next Plc with House of Fraser having 3.8 days increase in stock turnover periods. All other things being equal, a higher stock turnover and lower stock turnover periods are better.

The receivables turnover and receivables turnover periods indicates House of Fraser performed a little better than Primark, Next Plc and TJX UK. The ratios indicate Primark and Next Plc have relaxed credit policies for which debtor are taking advantage of it or they are having problems collecting from customers. All else equal, higher receivables turnover with lower receivables turnover period is better.

The 203 days accounts payable days of Primark shows Primark takes more than 6 months to pay creditors, House of Fraser takes more than 2 years to pay its creditors with its 733.67 accounts payable days. The account payable days of Primark and House of Fraser is an indication that they are paying creditors slowly which is good for Primark and House of Fraser on the other hand, it’s an indication of worsening financial conditions. Creditors would be comfortable with 28.97 days and 36.37 days account payable days of Next Plc and TJX UK respectively.
Analysis of the current business environment affecting UK clothing Retail Industry
The environments that affect the UK clothing industry can be categorised into Macro and microenvironment. The macro environments consist of factors that affect all organisations across industries. These factors would be analysed using the Porters Five Forces Analysis.
According to Grant 2005, the varying degrees of the factors within the business environment (industry) would determine the pressure, competition level and the profit it will make. The five sources analysed by Michael Porter are competition from new entrants, Competition from established rivals, competition from substitutes, bargaining power of buyers and bargaining power of suppliers.
Markets that are profitable keep on attracting new entrants and the clothing retail market is no exception. With a minimum capital requirement of the clothing retail market, it’s easy for new companies to enter and as a result of the eventual profits across the industry decrease. The only way that Primark and other big firms can secure their market is to take advantage of their economies of scale. Establish more outlets to enable them to sell at a cheaper price to induce sales. By this, new entrants would not be able to compete.
Customers have got over thousand and one substitutes to choose from within the clothing retail market. There are many well-established competitors and well-branded substitutes within the clothing retail market for customers to make a choice but the ultimate goal of the customer is to pay less for better quality. Primark should offer the best quality at an affordable price that customers would be able to pay.
The clothing industry is fragmented with the intense rivalry between retail companies. Next Plc, JTX UK and House of Fraser are all rivals to Primark but Primark has got some loyal customers who are satisfied with Primark’s brand. Primark should protect its brand as customers are interested in the brand they associated themselves with. Any negative reputation will affect Primark’s image which competitors would take advantage of.
The saturation of the clothing retail market has led to a highly competitive environment where customers have many brands to choose from. Buyers’ power is high as they have lots of alternatives to choose from. For Primark to defuse this power, it must offer lower prices, varieties of unique designs, high quality, quality customer service and solid brand image that customers would not be able to reject.
With the aim of attracting every potential buyer, suppliers of Primark would have lower supplier power the firm tries to satisfy the needs of its customers with variety. Primark source its products from cheap economies and suppliers have to supply based on agreed standards and designs.
SWOT Analysis of Primark
The SWOT Analysis provides strategic analysis of Primark’s business operations which would provide a competitive advantage over its competitors. This analysis shows the strength, weakness, opportunities and threats of Primark within the clothing retail market.
Strengths

The business model of Primark is based on high sales volumes and lower retail margins with minimal advertising which enable it to offer low prices to customers.
Primark takes advantage of bulk buying which help it to enjoy economies of scale to enables it to keep cost down.
Primark has an extensive range of products including childrenswear, menswear, lingerie, accessories and footwear.
Primark has got strong presence across UK and Europe with over 280 stores and also known in Ireland as Penneys.
Primark employs about 50000 people around the world

Weakness

Primark has outsourced its manufacturing line and this may lead to inconsistencies in quality.
The slow economic growth of UK and EU has held the group profit back.
The online retail channel is the faster’s retail market in the UK and Primark has no presence for the online market.

Opportunities

Clothing is an essential product for everyone especially the youth population and that there is a constant demand for clothing.
Primark should extend its presence to the USA, Africa, Middle East, China and India.
One of the fastest growing segments of Primark is sportswear.

Threats

Primark has got no presence in emerging markets like Africa and its sales are dependent on the health of the UK and EU economy so any shock to the economy would be a disaster.
There is an intense competition between online retailers and physical retailers and Primark is no exception.
Businesses like Primark with operations in Europe are griped with fear as the government approach to Brexit saga would affect their operations in EU market.

Share Valuation of Primark

Primark’s shares could be currently valued at £6.98 per share. Looking at the performance of Primark with its peers the stock price of Primark could be sold at a premium. I would recommend a £10 price per share for Primark’s stock in the IPO.
Conclusion
Primark rub shoulders with the big brands within the industry in terms of sales and have the potential for IPO. The corporate governance of Primark must be strengthening so that directors and officers would not take advantage of weak corporate government structure. With the worsening performance of the British pounds against the Euro and the US dollar, a critical assessment of the UK governments Brexit policies and the impact that Brexit would have on the UK economy and its relationship with the rest of Europe must be done. For now, I would recommend suspension of Primark’s IPO, to enable it to conduct a critical analysis of the Brexit Policies of the UK government and the impact it would have on businesses.
Forecast

With the financial year 2014 to 2015, Primark’s turnover increased by 3.76% we still presume that Primark would be able to achieve 3.5% increase in sales revenue. The weakening value of the British pounds as a result of Brexit will hit Primark because it sources its product in the US dollar. This would increase the cost of sales, operating cost and interest payable of Primark. The 3.5% expected increase in sales revenue and 3% increase in the cost of sale would result in an increase of 5.52% in gross profit. In all, it is estimated that Primark would be able to achieve about 2.53% increase in Profit after Tax for the year 2016.
Factors That May Impact Primark’s Share Valuation
Investors must carefully evaluate the information they obtain about an organisation to help develop current and future expectation value. The value of Primark would be determined by both internal factors, which are under the control of the management of Primark. Key factor that would influence the value of Primark are;
Profitability
The ability of Primark to generate a profit would attract investors to invest their resources into the company. Investors want to see appreciable returns on their investments and Primark has the prospect and ability to generate profit to multiply shareholders wealth.
Growth
For all other things being equal, companies with a strong demonstration of growth trends attracts potential investors and commands higher multiples. As Primark expand its presence in Europe, US, India and other emerging markets, it will create an opportunity for higher sales and profitability for which investors would be attracted to.
Risk
Investor wants to protect their investment by avoiding high-risk companies for less risk once. Investors would use any of the following to evaluate Primark as a high risk or less Risk Company.
Market analysis – the clothing retail market is open and there are no barriers to entry, Primark should put enough strategies in place so that the activities of new entrants would not affect it.
Management – Primark needs people with vast knowledge and experience on its management to implement its policies and strategies and set effective succession plan.
Internal control – investors would want to see the review and audit Primark’s financial statements.
Financial situation – investor would want to see Primark with the strong balance sheet to prove its financial position, capital structure this will help them determine if Primark would be able to meet its financial obligations.
Corporate Governance Recommendation
It’s a legal requirement of all companies seeking to get listed on the LSE to have a suitable corporate governance system impaled. Corporate governance is special machinery for regulating risk in organisations activities by preventing corporate disasters, scandals, and consequential losses and damages to investors, society and staff. To this end, Primark must have a suitable corporate governance policy in placed. We would recommend Primark to adopt the corporate governance structure below.

Annual General Meeting – That is the highest decision-making body where directors would render accounts of their stewardship to shareholders and shareholders would have the opportunity to evaluate the report of directors to give them the opportunity to continue their stewardship or vote them out.
Board of Directors – Primark should have a board where each member has the appropriate set of experience, independence, skills and knowledge to manage Primark.
Audit Committee – there must be audit committee who will report to the board. Members of the audit committee should comprise of only members of Primark’s board whose responsibility would be to identify matters that needs action is taken or improvements and make recommendations with the processes to be taken. The audit committee has the duty to review internal controls, the integrity of financial statements and internal audit.
Management Board – Primark should have a strong and well-experienced management board that would be responsible for the implementation of policy direction and strategies set by the board and the day-to-day running of the business.
Internal Audit – there should be an internal audit unit that would provide an independent assurance that Primark’s risk management, internal control system and governance are operating effectively.
External Auditor – as part of the requirements to list on the London stock Exchange, Primark needs to appoint an independent external auditor who will provide an independent opinion whether management has fairly presented the information provided in Primark’s financial statements.
Annual Report – management of Primark should provide an annual report and get it approved by shareholders at the annual general meeting.

Benefits of Corporate Governance
Good corporate governance ensures corporate success and economic growth.
Strong corporate governance maintains investors’ confidence, as a result of which, company can raise capital efficiently and effectively.
It lowers the cost of capital.
There is a positive impact on the share price.
It provides proper inducement to the owners as well as managers to achive objectives that are in interests of the shareholders and the organisation.
Good corporate governance also minimises wasteges, corruption, risk and mismanagement.
It hepls in brand formation and development.
It ensures organisation is managed in a manner that fits the best interest of all.
Reference
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Appendixes

Marketing plan: Primark international

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
PRIMARK is termed to be one of the ground breaking affordable retail outlet world wide. Primark retail store grounded its roots from DULBIN, IRELAND, in the year 1969. The founder of Primark ARTHUR RYAN has played a phenomenal role in uprising the company to attain profits with its reproduction of cat walk fashion at a cheap prices. The company operates under the name of Penneys , and being a subsidiary of Associated British Food Plc it was initially under the hands of Weston Family. Penneys than realigned into Great Britain in 1973 as PRIMARK and in May 2009 after opening its first store ever in DULBIN the company has now spread its wings around the globe .i.e. it has its franchise in countries like United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, Netherland, Germany and now it is also expanding in Belgium. Considering, today’s scenario Primark is operating 189 retail outlets around the globe which are segmented as 38 outlets in Ireland, 12 in Spain, 136 in UK, 1 in Netherlands, 1 in Portugal and 1 in Germany. Currently, the employees structure of Primark is huge enough attaining 27500 employees pulling their socks up for the smooth running of the company. PRIMARK is termed to be an absolute nuclear bomb in today’s worlds the company is blown to be an epitome of the new fast fashion in retail generation which aims at providing the cat walk fashion at an affordable price to its customers. The company is confident enough about its merchandise and about its cheap .i.e. the affordable prices which proclaims the customers to be loyal to the brand i.e. it attracts and convinces the more amount of consumers and retains them.

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PRIMARK has a drive to enforce style, price, quality all the three aspects which are rolled on in one shell. The company’s is recognised as the clothing retail brand covering a wide range of women’s wear products, men’s wear, children’s wear and home products bearing cheap prices with a wide range offers and discounts schemes which proves beneficial to the consumers. PRIMARK has not only restricted itself to the manufacturing of clothes but also deals with apparels and accessories available to all human sizes.
The company’s mission states to give ordinary people a chance to buy the same stuff as rich people do. i.e. at a cheap and affordable price . The company’s objective retrieves to always be the first choice of the consumers and make sure that the consumers do not opt for the competitors products. PRIMARK provides training to its employees on to the international standards and make them aware about customer relationship management. It also ensures that the company gains ISO standards through out the organisation.
Management is considered to be the stem in regulation of an organisation. The company aims to expand its market and set a benchmark for its competitors which can only be possible by having a strong management team handling affairs of the company. Therefore, while this paper illustrates the talk about re-nouned retail company PRIMARK, its agenda is a combination of product, price and the people working for the company. PRIMARK’S founder, chair person and managing director Arthur Ryan and buying and merchandising director Julian Kilmartin has shown their tremendous potential which reflected in the growth and profitability of the company and has led the company on to an expansion edge.
ENVIORNMENTAL ANALYSIS
Environmental analysis can be justified in an appropriate way by postering it as a PEST ANALYSIS. The analysis tests and examines the impact of certain factors such as political, economic, social and technical and their inter play in the business activities and the company can draw in changes to take advantage of the opportunities and to undertake measures from various threats while preparing the strategic plans for the business activities. The PEST analysis discusses the issues much in detail which is as follows:
Political factors:
Political factors reviews the impact of any political or legislative changes that affect the business. PRIMARK’S business policies are subject to government rules and regulations, the company should confront and make sure that its abound to the rules and regulations which are abide by the government in order to sustain the smooth running of its business.
Economic factors:
Economic entity influence the growth and the stability of any business operations. Similarly, if we talk about PRIMARK , the company has established itself to provide affordable products to its consumers and it has to set standards of price range that the company can also attain maximum profits even out of the discounted prices and offers which are set. For achieving the economic growth PRIMARK has to first analyse the price of the products of its competitors and then take an advantage of the opportunity in setting up a price range which is lower than that of its competitors like TOP SHOP, MARK’S N SPENSOR, PRADA, FCUK etc. This will lead to the growth of the company and will rise the profit margin.
Social factors:
Conserving today’s scenario the business organisations along with the aim of achieving profits they are also involved in inculcating awareness about social and cultural equality. It is very important for the business to understand the as to how the target consumers uses the social techniques today as well as considering the future aspects. PRIMARK has to set a good profile when it connects to the consumers .i.e. it should be able to understand the needs and requirements of the customers bearing the social aspect in mind and should deliver the products accordingly.
Technological factors:
Technology brings about an tremendous change an puts an favourable impact in working of the organisation and also effects the status and has an impact on the marketing programmes. Innovative technology arises new trend and leads to rapid growth in the organisation. PRIMARK should focus on which technology to use adapt a blogging software and select the right technology which will make the process easier.
MARKET ANALYSIS:
The market analysis of PRIMARK could be examined more profoundly by using Porter’s Five Force model which is as follows:
Threat of new entrants:
Entry of new segments in market is been the major reason in declining of independent retailers. PRIMARK is also facing competition from many new entrants in the market and the virtually specified and centralised behaviour is proving advantage to the chain stores over independent retailers.
Bargaining power of suppliers:
Bargaining power of suppliers plays a two way role for the company. Firstly, if the company fails to seek the product from the supplier ,then the consumers would prefer the product of the competitors which would indeed prove a loss to the supplier as well as its product so the bargaining of suppliers should go hand in hand.
Bargaining power of customers:
Customers have a very little bargaining power at a retail outlet. As the products which are offered by PRIMARK are being already sold at a reasonable and a discounted price , so in this case the customer would lack the benefit to bargain for such products.
Threat of substitutes:
PRIMARK not only specials in clothing apart from that it also concentrates on the apparels, accessories and household products considering human sizes. Similarly, the products which are offered by PRIMARK are also offered by many of its competitors. Therefore , it proves to be a threat to such stores and retailers who distribute the products which are unique can only have an edge over its competitors.
SWOT ANALYSIS
While concluding the marketing plan, i would conclude the plan with swot analysis.We can use the swot analysis which would render a clear picture of the company in the market which would help to potray the current scenario of the company.
Swot analysis is the evaluation and examination of the data governing the business activities and the result evaluates the strengths, weakness, opportunities and the threats that the company faces.
Strengths:
Price can prove to be the major strength for the company. As PRIMARK deals with the products that are affordable it drives the attention of the consumers by selling the products at an discounted prices which attracts more number of customers.
An established brand name can also prove to be a strength for the company. As PRIMARK has a well recognised brand name around the globe it has created a strong goodwill in the market.
PRIMARK has opened up many franchise in almost every cities and town which is feasible for the customers to access any outlet in the vicinity.
The company also have diversified its product range and this is a major strength as consumer can get all kinds of variety under one roof.
According to me, PRIMARK has is kind of gift to the students and consumers who are trapped to shed out more amount of money without compromising on the style and fashion available.
The products of the competitors like the TOP SHOP, MISS SELFRIDGE, ACCESSORIES are sold at a tenth of the price.
Weakness:
Primark’s customers services are very few while customers in crowed that’s why you see long and long queues, which are very big problem for their customers, while their competitors properly manage their customers, and you never see long queue there.
Customers fail to prefer PRIMARK’S product as they feel the products are not durable and people fail to trust the quality of the products.
The atmosphere also proves to be a weakness for the company as the products are not managed tidily and there is a crowded and untidy atmosphere which would inturn ruin the shopping experience of the customer.
Opportunities:
The company has organized a new organization structure which is designed to serve its customers better, take advantage of market opportunities and reduce costs.
The company is planning to significantly increase its count of franchise and expanding its market.
Threats:
The competitors selling the same products act as a threat for the company. As PRIMARK has to make sure about its competitors pricing strategies,and to avail the products at a cheaper price than that of the competitors.
COMPETITORS ANALYSIS
In a highly competitive market PRIMARK is outstanding its performance and the reasons for the remarkable performance is the cost advantage over rival firms.
In past three years PRIMARK has got lot of rights which are been reserved. Its strongest competitors are TK MAX, MARKS N SPENSOR, GEORGE at ASDA.
Although all three are in the ‘value’ segment and therefore have similar market positioning, the other two have different strategies to that of Primark. TK Maxx sells heavily-discounted prestige brands and George at Asda has created its own private-label brand mostly at out-of town stores. Primark is a high street retailer which has a family of brands and focuses much more on buying, logistics and supply chain management rather than branding.
In order to sustain in the market Primark should follow cost leadership strategy i.e. it should not sell the products at a lower price rather lowest price than of the competitors so as to raise its profit margin.
CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
PRIMARK has many competitors in market such as MALTAN and BH’S which are struggling to sell the same kind of products which PRIMARK does. Relatively, its not easy to sell cheap fashion but PRIMARK is doing quite well with it.
PRIMARK has targeted customers under the age group of 35 years which are fashion conscious. It offers products at a very competitive prices and with a reasonable quality this strategy used by PRIMARK is known as value for money strategy. It does not prefer to sell its products to every random segment, its target segment include the age group of 18-30. This concludes the customer analysis.
CONCLUSION
Overview about the analysis states that every organisation has its own external and internal problems which has to be taken care of. Therefore, this can be possible by conducting PEST and SWOT analysis. The impact of this analyses reflects the business scenario.
REFERENCES

http://www.primark.co.uk/page.aspx?pointerid=eb44df4565934edca627dac6ec12145a
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/retailandconsumer/5828214/Primark-founder-Arthur-Ryan-to-leave.html
http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/related-12227-primark-stores-ltd.do
Primark oldie’s golden touch, The Times, April 22, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2008.
http://www.insideretailing.com.au/Latest/tabid/53/ID/1552/Primarks-fast-fashion-revolution.aspx
http://www.peopletree.co.uk/content/mission.php
http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/people.asp?privcapId=5487098
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:EENk-Yeo_zkJ:lecresources.com/Final%2520Assignment.doc+chairperson+of+primark&cd=9&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk

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http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1498651/Prada-No.-Top-Shop-No.-Its-Primark-darling.html
http://ivythesisessaysamples.blogspot.com/2008/09/analysis-on-external-and-internal.html
http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/primark/history.html
http://www.open2.net/moneyandmanagement/management_organisation/money/briefs_20051206_primark.html

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
PRIMARK is a retail clothing outlet which is famous for its catwalk high street brand, its a fashion tag for youngsters who are strapped with cash and people who are willing to buy the same brands at a cheaper price with reasonable quality. The company provides a wide range of products for all men, women, children, as well as it does not restrict its product range to clothing instead it also deals with the apparels, accessories. The company has now emerged in global information service industry in mid 1990’s.
INTRODUCTION:
PRIMARK is termed to be the second largest retailer by volume. It is considered to be one of the major European brand which are operating in almost 189 retail outlets all over the globe. PRIMARK employees almost 27,500 employees working in its outlets world wide the company is a subsidiary of Associated British Food and is also voted as best value high street fashion brand by GMTV.
Marketing Objectives:
After analysing the current situation of PRIMARK i would propose the following objectives which would lead the company to attain and to achieve growth and profitability with the following objectives:
Expansion of the business:
The company aims at expanding its business activities PRIMARK objective would be to open more number of retail outlets in almost every cities and towns and providing its customers with wide range of products and making its products easily accessible to its target segment.
Increasing sales:
The objective of any business organisation would target to increase sales of the company and achieve higher profits. For achieving this objective it is necessary for the company to lower down the prices and ensure that the product are available at a price which is lowest than of the competitors so that the consumer will automatically prefer the product bearing lower price and this would increase the sales of the company.
Retaining the existing customers:
For any business organisation it is very important to sustain its consumers i.e. the company should set up its products in such a way that the customers would opt for its product and would remain brand loyal throughout. So to attain profits, PRIMARK should retain its existing customers by offering them products at a reasonable and discounted prices.
TARGETING AND POSITIONING
Targeting refers to selecting one or more segments as a focus for the company’s offering or communications. Jobber (2004).
Niche market:
In this competitive world it is very important that company can communicate to its customers in an effective way and the company should be able to set standards when it talks about target market. The company should plan out proper medium and strategies that it would operate in for choosing its target market. It would be a zero percent sale if the company tries to sell its products to the customers of all the age group without knowing the market niche. Therefore, having a tight niche market is of great importance.
For PRIMARK the niche market adopted was the set of customers who would prefer buying fashion at a cheap price, so basically its target customers were consumers in the age group of 18-30.
Positioning
Positioning is considered to be the face of the business strategy. It specifies how the business aspires to be perceived relative to its competitors and markets. Aaker and McLoughlin (2006).
After the organisation has decided over the target market its next stage is to decide how the company is going to positioned its product in the market within that selected market segment. Developing a positioning marketing strategy depends on how the competitors position their product in the market. Positioning is about how you want your customers to perceive your product and services and what strategies will the company adopt to position its product and to reach its target goal.
COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
When a firm exceeds its profit margin then the average, it is said to be that the company bears a competitive advantage. Now here when we talk about PRIMARK its sales are blooming tremendously and the company bears a potential to expand itself in the economy with these rising amount of sales over its competitors like TK MAX, GEORGE at ASDA, MARKS N SPENSOR which are struggling to sell the same products at a lower price but then PRIMARK adds the gloom to its flourishing stage by providing those products at a lowest price than that of its competitors.
MARKETING MIX:
Marketing mix reflects the combination of elements used to market the company’s product. It consists of the four elements which will help in marketing the company’s product in an appropriate manner. Marketing mix strategy consists of 4p’s i.e. product, price, place, promotion by using this strategy the company can prove successful to establish its product in the market. Therefore the 4p’s of marketing mix are as follows:
Product:
Marketing a product can be very well reflected by analysing the features of the products. A product which is covered with all the good and positive features can be marketed by itself and this proves to be beneficial to the customers. Now when we talk about PRIMARK the competitors of PRIMARK if they have the same product , offering same benefits, same price then it is very important for the company to differentiate its products from that of the competitors, so that the customers would prefer buying the product from PRIMARK over its competitors. This can only be possible by having an attractive packaging to the product, designing, providing valuable and timely services to the products, warranties and also providing after sale services to consumers.
Design:
The design of the product should appeal in the eyes of the consumers over its competitors ,so the design of the product should be attractive enough and as we know that the target consumers of PRIMARK are 18-30 , so the design should be young vibrant and fashionable which will appeal to the target consumers and will motivate them to buy the product over its competitors.
Packaging:
Packaging of the product also plays a crucial role in persuading the consumers to buy the product .packaging provides a better appearance and a convenient use. Therefore , PRIMARK has to draw the packaging of its products in a way that it differ it from that of the competitors
After sale services:
The company should make sure that it not only provides on sale services infact PRIMARK also provides after sale services i.e. PRIMARK has a different counter looking after the exchange of the products and providing the customer with their choice of range.
Place:
Identifying the needs of the customer is an crucial decision in marketing mix. It is very important to identify where are you target customers and accordingly the company should decide where to locate its store and what distribution channels can appeal to the customers so that you can reach your target customers. The company should not place itself according to the location of the area infact the company should place itself where it can have greater number of target customers. PRIMARK is therefore located where it has huge demand of its customers.
Price:
Price reveals the pricing strategy which is used by the customers. PRIMARK follows a “competitive pricing strategy”. This strategy is used by the company when the company sells its products at a lowest price than of the competitors. This strategy is also used when the company operates in the similar market .i.e. if the products range and price range of the products are similar the company opts for this pricing strategy. The most important aspect of this strategy is to achieve high volume and lower costs. PRIMARK sells its products at an affordable price that is at a price which is lowest than that of its competitors.
Promotion:
Advertising, public relations , sales promotions are part and parcel of promotion. The main aim of promotion is to advertise its product in such a way that it affects the buying behaviour of the consumers and empowers the consumers to buy that particular product. There are many forms of advertisement such as TV, radio, internet, yellow pages, newspapers, hoardings, fliers etc. But while advertising the product the company has to take care about the three important notions which are as follows:
Reach:
Reach reflects the number of people that are affected by your advertisement. i.e. the target market which is getting affected by your advertisement. For instance, if PRIMARK advertises its products on radio it has to make sure how many people belonging to their segment are going to be affected by its advertisement.
Frequency:
It illustrates the number of time the consumer will be exposed to the message. It is notified that the customer can be exposed to the message seven times and this should be evaluated by the company before the advertisement campaign.
Message:
Message that needs to potrayed via advertisement should be catchy enough that it could hold the interest of the customers and force the customers to buy their particular product. PRIMARK message revels providing products at affordable price with a wide range of products.
Public Relations:
Public relations rely on the company’s own personality and they are termed to be more suttle and they can talk about and share speeches like on civic groups, economies , political groups, professional associates etc.
Sales promotion:
Sales promotions include various strategy such as fair trade, coupons discounts etc.
Conclusion:
To conclude PRIMARK is at the glowing and blooming side of the market and the company has proved itself to be successful by setting up proper standards and positioning itself in an different way than its competitors, the company has well defined its target segment and has been successful in satisfying its consumers which has resulted in high sales, goodwill and the company has now risen the bar for its competitors.
REFERENCES

http://www.freeworldacademy.com/newbizzadviser/fw15.htm
http://www.bsigroup.com/en/About-BSI/News-Room/BSI-News-Content/Disciplines/Risk-Management/Primark-choses-Entropy-Software/
http://www.websitemarketingplan.com/directory/index.php?PID=66
http://www.ciao.co.uk/Primark_Shop__Review_5590653