Understanding Plagiarism And Information Ethics: Academic Regulations And Penalties

What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid It

A cloud computing service makes a business wonderful. Using cloud service, many changes occur in business strategies. The cloud has all service as an infrastructure, platforms, and services as per organization required. Now a day, different cloud computing service vendors in market, such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and many more.

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1(a): Cloud computing have many characteristics, but some essential characteristics, which are basic for it are:

  • On demand self-services: Cloud computing services provide some services without any human interaction, such as network and server service, email, web applications, and more computer services.
  • Large Network Space: Cloud services provide data over the cloud and on different thin and thick clients, such as PDA’s, Mobile, and laptops.
  • Resource Pooling: The cloud computing service providers share resources in pooled to serve multiple customers. They used multiple-tenant model for resource sharing, such as physical and virtual resources are dynamically allocated and reallocate according to customer needs. Resources are data, email services, processing space, primary memory, virtual machine, servers, and network bandwidth.
  • Rapid Elasticity:   It provides a rapid elasticity to be purchased any service in any quantity at anywhere and anytime to the consumer.
  • Services for management: Cloud computing also provides measurement services for usage of your services. It provides transparency for controlling your services. It works a pay per use. It also provides bills for your uses of data centers services.
  • Multi Tenacity: All the cloud computing organization provides some services related to policy driven enforcement, separation, remoteness, authority, and data store models for different consumer constituencies. Any consumer can get other public cloud providers services from same or different organization( Schouten, 2014).    

1(b): Cloud computing have few disadvantages in some services are:

  • Security management in the cloud: In some organization such as bank and share, market many important data being stored remotely. Therefore, that data should be safe from third parties.
  • Bandwidth Limitation: Some vendors provide limited bandwidth for network access that was a difficult task for an organization.
  • Data management: Few cloud service providers are not good in data management and in future, it will be disaster with your important data.
  • Limited controls: Few cloud service providers are provides some controls under the organization that will be an issue for an organization sometimes.   

2(a): According to the given scenario, sandwich shop would maintain some services, such as Taking orders, open and closing the store, selling to the consumer, ordering supplies to customers, cleaning the store, pay roll management system for employees, hiring  process of employees, making statements for finance and also email them, paying taxes, managing cash. So many of these processes could be helped by better management information systems. Mainly for those stores that require stored records, such as payments details, daily cash management, taxes, salaries of employees and information collection.

2(b): Customer Relationship Management System uses a distributed information systems to coordinate all of the work processes surrounding the workplace’s relations with their consumers. The information systems store consumers and vendors information from multiple sources, such as mobile phone number, e-mail address, Wi-Fi devices, sales and marketing systems, and websites. Workplace can obtain a unified view of consumers. Those data will help to that particular firm to handle customers by giving them special offers.

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3(a): According to this article, all processes of a business are organized properly. Those business processes are fully focused to produce a better success in business. Some e-policies are must for employers and employees. Coordinators have to notice and give attention to official work. All organization have own policies for running proper business, although every organization have own e-policies for handling business processes.

3(b): Information systems can help organizations to protect from outsiders without authentication. They have some authentication to achieve great efficiencies. Using authentication any organization can become more flexible. Integration and coordination of business processes of an organization makes improvement in customer services. According to need all organization have different level of authentication such as pin number, biometric, and digital certificates.


4(b): It is a transaction processing systems, which is used for managing payment of different employees. It tracks the flow of the daily routine transactions in the organization. It is necessary to conduct business.

In this Payroll payment system a payroll master file, have all related data of employees. It also provides management reports to organization for different purposes. It is also provide general ledger as well as employee checks. It takes queries from employees and gives appropriate results.



 5(b): This report is showing two product sales details, such as sales region, actual sales, planned sales, and actual versus planned sales of particular product with total. It is system-generated report for product availability and requirements. It is just like inventory system report for managing all records of different products. This report is about comparison between two products of an organization.  They calculated next requirement according to this report. In addition, they calculate loss and profit from those products.

Penalties for Plagiarism


Your order of Choice/s of

Information Systems


1. Transaction processing systems(TPS)

2. Management-information systems (MIS)

3. Decision-support systems (DSS)

4. Executive-support systems (ESS)

Transaction processing systems provides data of daily processing such as payroll management system. It is also used for track the flow transactions on the daily bases. It will help in advance order for organization.

Management-information systems (MIS) Support the management of an organization to control on behalf of reports. Also, compare performance of organization between current and historical records.

Decision-support systems (DSS) provide ideas for taking design about any product or handling or different business processes using predefined and calculated data from DSS. It supports management to take decisions according to their needs and specified some effects of that decision in advance. It has extra features than MIS like analytical models and data analysis capabilities.

Executive-support systems (ESS) provide reports in graph, charts, and other formats for decision making of senior management. It also provides some online analytical processes and online transactional processes for better decision making in favor of organization.

7(a): United Parcel services have an On-Road Integrated Optimization and Navigation (referred as ORION0 software that is helped them to save millions of gallon of fuel. Using optimization, they sort different ways of delivery. ORION optimizes delivery routes, so that cutting greenhouse gas emissions. United Parcel service Inc. save $50 million a year in fuel costs.

7(b): The cloud computing provides server, services and storage on demand over the internet on a pay-for-use basis. According to United parcel service Inc., cloud computing services enable runtime collaboration of different functions of the supply chain”. There are many advantages of cloud computing, which prove that transformation to the cloud computing services increase productivity of supply chain processes. UPS have many facilities using cloud services, such as more convenient and smooth communication between many business works as well as from different departments. It makes the business more secure, dynamic, and interactive.  

7(c): Technology can be double-sward sometimes. It undermines the creditability. Ethics are good at some levels but few persons deny about this view, they think it can cause of entrust between the workers and company. It also opens the door for workers of evasion to privacy. Nobody wants to be monitored physically so close. To me, I think it is very unethical.

7(d): The data will be stored in the cloud of UPS and it is secure from third party softwares but still hackers can track the truck location-using customer’s username and password. Most of the supply chain companies use Secure Socket Layer (referred as SSL) is used for encryption and decryption of data at different levels in network.

7(e): The Porter’s five forces analysis applied on UPS.


7(f): UPS strategies for business in comparative from other companies:



Maziliauskaite, . K., 2018. Logistics in the Cloud. [Online]
Available at: https://longitudes.ups.com/supply-chain-cloud/
[Accessed 11 september 2018].

Schouten, E., 2014. Cloud computing defined: Characteristics & service levels. [Online]
Available at: https://www.ibm.com/blogs/cloud-computing/2014/01/31/cloud-computing-defined-characteristics-service-levels/
[Accessed 11 September 2018].

Garg, S. . K., Versteeg, S. & Buyya, R., 2013. A framework for ranking of cloud computing services. Future Generation Computer Systems, 29(4), pp. 1012-1023.

GreenBiz, 2014. UPS advances sustainable operations with Big Data. [Online]
Available at: https://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/11/11/ups-advances-sustainable-operations-big-data
[Accessed 11 september 2018].

INC, 2018. Management Information Systems (MIS). [Online]
Available at: https://www.inc.com/encyclopedia/management-information-systems-mis.html
[Accessed 11 september 2018].

Service, U. P., 2018. Tracking Services. [Online]
Available at: https://www.ups.com/us/en/services/tracking.page?
[Accessed 11 september 2018].

Team, L. C., 2018. How to Define Strategy Using Porter’s Five Forces. [Online]
Available at: https://www.lucidchart.com/blog/what-is-strategy
[Accessed 11 september 2018].

Wu, Y., Casey, C. G., Hazen, B. T. & Hall, D. J., 2013. Cloud computing in support of supply chain information system infrastructure: understanding when to go to the cloud. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 49(3), pp. 25-41.